Yorkshire Terrier dogs are also called Yorkis or Yorkies affectionately or Yorkie Terrier; They are one of the smallest dogs in the world since they can weigh between 1 Kilo and 4 Kilos. In addition, these beautiful puppies are the result of the cross between different English and Scottish terriers. In this article you will find a lot of information about this tiny breed that is also an excellent companion dog. From a brief walk through its history, the physical characteristics and temperament, the basic care for this breed. Even certain health issues such as the life expectancy of these little ones and the most recommended diet.
Origins of the Yorkshire Terrier
The Yorkshire Terrier dog breed derives from the cross between Scottish terriers and English terriers. This breed originates from the 19th century, when the industrial revolution took place and part of the Scottish population moved to England.
The breed is named after one of the places where it originated, Yorkshire. In this region hundreds of workers were received who came from Scotland in search of a job and many of them brought say omg I bring their families and their pets. Among the pets these workers brought to England were several varieties of small terriers. It was thus that the Scottish terriers began to mix with the English terriers.
The first Yorkshire terrier pups were made by Yorkshire and Lancashire workers. Most of these were dedicated to working in wool factories and mills. Because the principles of this breed were carried out by people who did not have very high levels of education, even a large majority did not know how to read or write, it is that there are not many relevant writings or data that give us accurate information about the origin of the breed. The workers did not frequently take notes or divulge information. That is why the data we have is very limited.
What can be accurately stated is that race arises from the combination of three different races. The Paisley Terrier, the Waterside Terrier and the Clydesdale Terrier were part of the origin of this breed. There are those who confirm that the Maltese was also used and that the breed, although it bears the name of an English city, originated in Scotland but perfected in the British region. These are data that cannot yet be expressed with total precision.
In 1865 is when in an exhibition held in Great Britain the standards of the aforementioned breed were defined. The name the breed bears today was only adopted in 1870.
Physical characteristics of the Yorkshire Terrier:
The Yorkshire Terrier breed dogs clearly the FCI catalogs these beautiful puppies in a special section for them within Group 3: Terriers. Section 4: Pet Terriers. In addition, these dogs, weighing less than 5 Kilograms, are within the group of dogs of toy race or dwarfs.
Yorkshire Terrier body
Head of the Yorkshire Terrier
How much does a Yorkshire Terrier weigh?
The weight of these little dogs varies between 1 Kilogram and 4 Kilograms. However, the ideal weight of an adult Yorkshire Terrier dog is less than 3 kilos. There is no distinction between males and females, however it is important to know that Yorkshire dogs that weigh less than 2 kilograms tend to have health problems other than those that exceed that weight.
How tall is a Yorkshire Terrier?
The height at the withers of a Yorkshire Terrier ranges between 15 and 17 centimeters. However, there may be 1 or 2 centimeters more or less of difference that will continue to feel acceptable
Yorkshire Terrier coat
When does Yorkshire's hair color change?
Yorkshire Terrier colors
What is the difference between a female or male Yorkshire?
When does a Yorkshire Terrier stop growing?
How do I know if my dog is a Yorkshire Terrier?
In order to determine and eliminate the doubt as to whether your Yorkshire Terrier is a purebred there is a very simple way, and that is to look at the FCI standard. That is, look at how it is physically.
What most characterizes this breed is its weight, since ideally it should not exceed 3 Kilograms. Its height is between 15 and 17 centimeters. In addition, male Yorkshire Terriers tend to have a slightly more vigorous body than females of the breed, but not as much. Its head in relation to other breeds of dogs, is slightly smaller compared to its body. Its snout is usually flat and the nose is black and its eyes are dark.
Its coat must always be very fine and long, showing its elegance. Over time, the color of her hair changes; when they are puppies they start out being very dark, then when they reach adulthood, they tend to be lighter, with some golden or even silver flashes. Usually their ears will be upright and well upright in an inverted V shape and will be full of short hairs. However, the ears in these dogs begin to get more erect after 3 months of age, but sometimes they can still be drooping in some dogs. On the other hand, in the tail they are to have a lot of hair and of an intermediate length. Pay close attention to the limbs: the nails of this beautiful dog should be all black and its legs should be round in shape.
Quick score to know if a Yorkshire Terrier is pure
In this short and quick pluck, they will clearly detect whether or not your dog is a pure Yorkshire Terrier:
- Its coat color should go from darker to lighter as the puppy becomes an adult. An easy to spot example that it is not a pure breed, are some black hairs interspersed with a shade similar to fire.
- Do not exceed 3 Kilos
- Approximate height between 15 centimeters and 17 centimeters
- Smooth, long and shiny coat. (In case it is a little wavy and shorter than the standard it is probably not a pure specimen.)
- Head smaller than body, with dark eyes and black muzzle.
- The ears should be pointed in an inverted V shape. In case they are half curved, it may be that it has some miscegenation.
- The number of your teeth should always be even. In case they are odd or you have any broken teeth, chances are that it is not completely pure.
How to tell the difference between a Yorkshire Terrier and a Silky Terrier?
Although I am quite similar, it is important to differentiate the Yorkshire Terrier from its Australian relative, the Silky Terrier. Although both their hair and coat as well as their build and physical appearance are quite similar, there are some characteristics with which they can be easily differentiated:
- Yorkies weigh no more than 4 kilos, while a Silky can weigh between 5 and 6 kilograms.
- The Yorkshire have a more retracted snout and head as they are flat and quite rounded; while Silky tend to be more elongated.
- Yorkis have a softer, silky and fine coat unlike Silky which have a thicker coat of hair.
Character and personality of the breed Yorkshire
Despite their light weight and small stature, Yorkshire Terriers have the characteristics of any terrier, a lot of courage and tenacity. This breed is usually very friendly and accepts all kinds of people and other pets with ease.
Yorkshire Terriers are usually extremely active and constantly attract attention. They need a lot of attention and affection and are completely at ease when they feel like they are the center of attention.
It must be borne in mind that these terriers were bred to hunt rodents in the beginning and therefore their temperament is not usually gentle like that of the rest of the lap dogs that are known.
It is a breed that is very easy to train as long as you have evidence. Although socialization is always recommended and important in dogs, in small breeds the lack of it will not cause very serious problems within the home other than the breaking of a belonging or barking at any time.
In terms of intelligence, Yorkshire is among the 30 most intelligent dogs according to the classification made by Stanley Coren.
What do yorkshire terriers like?
Yorkies are very playful, loving, very smart and also funny; they have it all. They love being cuddled and they love to play with children as long as their ears, hair, or precious tail are not pulled. Because of their Terrier category, they love to go out to play and walk, they can sometimes run a lot because of the great energy they have. Clearly an excellent companion dog because that is what Yorkshire Terriers like the most, love, pampering and people.
How smart are Yorkshire Terriers?
Yorkis Terriers are one of the smallest, most intelligent, and most intuitive dog breeds in the world. They are dogs with a lot of energy and who are eager to learn how much trick you want to teach. In addition, for what is training they are to absorb all the knowledge quite quickly compared to other breeds of dogs.
Yorkshire Terrier Dog Images
A lot of exercise is recommended for these animals, both physical and mental stimulation. They are dogs that due to their size and low weight are very fast and agile.
It is recommended that the exercise work that this animal does be agile, constantly challenge them, make them run in open spaces, put obstacles to the measure of the puppy so that it jumps and moves in various ways.
It is very important to bear in mind that the exercise must be on a regular basis, at least 3 or 4 times a week, it needs a lot of physical activity due to the characteristics that this little one has. If you want to know which are the best toys for your dog, follow this link
There are many misconceptions that most small or dwarf dog breeds do not require as much exercise as large or giant dogs but this is not the case. The Yorkshire Terrier needs constant exercise since not having it can cause problems in their behavior.
Bear in mind that like all small dogs, these tend to live more in the arms of their relatives or acquaintances than on the floor. It is a fact to take into account and therefore to pay more attention to your exercise shifts.
Find the best variety and the best offers of dog collars here.
First steps of the Yorkshire Terrier
The big question from first-time owners of a Yorkshire Terrier is: What are the first steps like? Do they adapt quickly to the home? How do I teach them to relieve themselves in the right place?
Well, let's answer them all. The first thing to keep in mind is that whether you obtain a recently weaned puppy or adopt an adult specimen, it will take time to adapt and it is impossible to know how much. But it will be much faster for the dog, if you and your family give love and patience. It is essential to avoid negative challenges, as these can influence the character and sensitivity of the animal.
Always try to make the orders clear and, if possible, give him some kind of reward (a greeting, a toy, a canine treat). As for how to teach him to relieve himself, we recommend using canine training towels, which are very useful and help our pet learn faster. We leave you the following note: canine training towels, in which we explain how they work step by step.
We also leave you here the review of the training towels, for those who think about purchasing them.
Recommended food and diets
This breed of dog tends to gain weight easily if they are not fed properly and if they are not exercised.
In turn, it must be taken into account that they tend to have a fairly sensitive digestive system that often leads to diarrhea and vomiting that if not treated end up becoming chronic. Therefore food supplemented with exercise are very important points to take into account in this breed.
As for meals, a balanced feed or food is always recommended that is according to the breed and in prudent quantities. Always bear in mind that when they are puppies they should be given food rations up to four times a day. From one year of age, the frequency should be decreased but the quantities increased until reaching two servings of meals a day.
What food is given to a Yorkshire?
In addition to balanced food or natural feed, you can supplement your diet with lean meats and you can include rice or even some vegetables and fruits in your diet.
All the variety and the best prices in feeders and drinkers for dogs, here.
Find the best deals from dry food for dogs here.
The best offers of wet food for dogs here.
Find the best deals from dog snacks here.
Grooming and fur
It is recommended for the owner to cut the animal's hair from time to time. This will help prevent possible future eye problems in the dog and will also allow him to better handle himself on his walks and at home. Although in exhibitions the fur of the animal is left very long, this is not good for the health of your pet. The long hair over its eyes will make it difficult for the animal to see, who will constantly strain his eyes and lose it over time. Long hair on your body is not harmful as long as it is controlled that it does not touch the floor, it is brushed daily and it is given a bath regularly.
How to maintain the hair of the Yorkshire Terrier?
If the dog is left with the traditional long coat that can be seen in the exhibitions, it will require intense maintenance. Many recommend adding almond oil and at least a weekly warm bath. It is also very important to keep your pet's nails short, since otherwise they will bother him when walking and can lead to health problems in the front legs.
How to hydrate the skin of a Yorkshire?
In this small section, we are going to tell you in a quick score how to hydrate your Yorkshire Terrier's skin in a healthy and healthy way.
- The food or diet to follow is very important and must be balanced and nutritious.
- Some massages on the body of the dog to be able to perform a stimulation on its skin after the bath.
- Low temperatures can usually affect the hydration of the skin due to the dryness that they can cause, so protecting them from the cold is a way to help their hydration.
- They can use special shampoo for dogs with dry skin, also conditioners with the same particularity.
- Maintaining and caring for the coat or coat of the dog is extremely important with the recommended brushings per week.
- In case the dog has any area that is affected, a special oil for dogs can be placed on it. Consult the veterinarian which is the most recommended for your Yorkshire Terrier.
- Abundant Fresh water for the dog to drink and hydrate, like people the dog must drink a lot of water to have a more hydrated skin.
The best offers in dog beds, here.
Find the best kennels for dogs, here.
How to care for the hair of a Yorkshire dog?
How to bathe a Yorkshire Terrier?
We offer you below all the necessary products for the correct grooming and care of your Yorkshire. Professional hair cutting scissors, stainless steel comb, specially made for pets. Brush to remove dead hair, essential in times of shedding and a professional nail clipper, which has a system that prevents us from cutting too much, so we can never hurt our pet. All products are of excellent quality and are endorsed by canine professionals.
When can a Yorkshire puppy be bathed for the first time?
It is well known by many people that dogs can only be bathed once they have their vaccinations and after 3 months of life. Only at that time is it the best thing to do, when you have finished with the vaccination schedule. The reason is the following: in the water, it can contain certain microbes or organisms that could affect the health of the dog if it is not yet properly immunized against certain pathogens. That is why it is only recommended after the third month of age, taking special care of the eyes, ears and nose. It is important then to dry all his coat well since it can have infections if there is moisture repeatedly.
If you want to know more about this breed, don't miss our last note: How and when to dress a Yorkshire Terrier
More pictures about the Yorkshire Terrier
How long does a Yorkshire Terrier live?
The Yorkshire Terrier has a longevity that ranges from 15 years to 20 years. This is also an approximate figure since the life expectancy of this breed varies greatly depending on the weight of the animal. Yorkshire terriers weighing more than 2kg can even live for more than 20 years. While the Yorkshire that weigh less than 1.5 kg have a shorter life expectancy due to the fact that they are prone to contracting health problems such as diarrhea and chronic vomiting. These problems can occur in heavier Yorkshires, although lighter ones are more prone and it is mainly due to the fact that their digestive system is very delicate and the main causes of vomiting and diarrhea are those foods they eat and are out of their diet. regular.
Health and possible diseases of the Yorkshire Terrier
As we mentioned earlier, Yorkshire Terrier dogs are extremely long-lived dogs and also enjoy excellent health. However, it is important to pay attention to the weight of these little dogs, since as we said in the previous paragraph, their health problems differ if they weigh more than 2 Kilograms. It is important, in addition to giving the dog a good diet, to carry out medical check-ups every so often to detect any possible disease or complication. Among the most frequent health problems of this breed we can frequently see the following:
There are several problems that can occur in this animal that affect its heart. These types of heart complications are usually very common in small or dwarf breeds. Among the most common complications we have arrhythmia, Dressler's syndrome and pulmonary hypertension.
It is an inflammation of the lower airways. It occurs when the bronchial tubes in the lungs become inflamed due to infection or other reasons.
Also known as chyluria, it is a disease defined as the presence of chyle in the urine due to the lymphatic fluid passing into the urinary tract.
It is when a partial or total opacity of the lens of the eye occurs. The opacity causes the light to scatter inside the eye and cannot be focused, creating blurred or diffuse images. It is one of the main causes, which if not treated leads to blindness. It is treated by surgery.
Also known as dry conjunctivitis, it is presented when the glands that secrete tears produce a smaller amount and cause dry eyes. They cause redness and even affect the vision of the animal.
Energy level: High
Tendency to Drool: Low
Tendency to snore: Low
Attention need: Moderate
Tendency to Bark: High
Tendency to Dig: Moderate
Need for socialization: Moderate
Bred for: Rodent hunting
Hair length: long
Hair Feature: straight
General grooming need: High
Royal Canine Society of Spain (RSCE): Terrier
United Kennel Club (UKC): Companion Dog