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History of the Pug:

The Pug is probably one of the oldest known dogs, there are texts that refer to this dog from the 2nd century BC

Its place of origin is China, although many think that it comes from Holland, because in the 16th century, Prince William saved his life thanks to a specimen of this breed. Since then the Dutch royal house has been linked for life with the Pugs.

It is also known by the name of Doguillo, Mops or Carlino, the latter is due to a famous Italian actor of the 18th century, called Carlo Bertinazzi, but known by the pseudonym Carlin. This actor played a character called Arlequin with a black mask, and his appearance was reminiscent of the face of Pugs.

As for its original name, there is no theory that is unanimous by the specialists, but the most accepted is that it comes from the word "pugnus" which means "fist", alluding to the fact that the Pug's nose resembles a human fist .

There are no certainties about how the breed came about, some believe it was through crossing with the Pekingese, others point to large Molossian dogs. The truth is that there is no scientific evidence about their ancestors.

In 1883 it was accepted by the American Kennel Club and its popularity was increasing, being today one of the most recognized breeds in the entire planet.

Character of the Pug:

It is a calm dog, with a harmonious and playful character. At the same time he is intelligent, friendly, an ideal pet for both adults and children. They need the company of the family, they do not like to be left alone, they can present anguish and anxiety for this reason. Its size makes it suitable for any home. He tends to be stubborn, so don't be surprised if he doesn't immediately respond to your orders.

It is a breed that is characterized by being faithful to the family, in addition to being suspicious of strangers, which makes it a good guardian. Although their size is not optimal for this task, Pugs are not afraid of anyone, so they will not hesitate to bark and warn us of an unknown presence.

This same courageous character can lead to problems with other dogs, which he will not hesitate to face even if they are much larger than him. When he is over 5 years old, his energy level progressively decreases. He will have to go out less and you will see him more often in the couches.

Physical characteristics of the Pug:

The most striking thing about this beautiful breed is its head, which is quite small compared to its body. We can see that his face has a dark "mask", with large and very bulging eyes. In turn, they have a large mouth and a flat snout. Their ears can be folded back (known as a button ear) or forward (known as a rose ear).

The rest of its body is compact, short and massive. They present wrinkles throughout the coat. Its tail is also quite peculiar, since it is "curled" and tight on its hip.

Its coat is short, dense and smooth. There are many varieties of colors, apricot, silver and black being the most common. The average height at the withers for this breed ranges between 30 and 35 centimeters for males, with females being slightly smaller. His weight instead varies between 6 and 13 kilograms. And the average age of life ranges from 12 to 15 years.

Pug Pictures:


This is perhaps the Pug's greatest weakness, given that it is a brachycephalic breed, which means that it has a rounded head with a very flat muzzle and this brings many respiratory problems. In turn, her large, bulging eyes are highly exposed and this also brings her eye complications. We will summarize the possible diseases below:

Brachycephalic syndrome:

It is produced by the shortened head of the Pug, it is an obstructive pathology of the airways. To have a definitive diagnosis it is necessary to perform an endoscopy of the larynx and pharynx. Symptoms can be: rapid breathing, reflux, coughing, sneezing, inflammation of the larynx or pharynx, deviation of the tonsils and several more.

To treat the problem it will be necessary to resort to surgery, if it is treated in time it is considered an easy intervention. You will also need some lifelong care after surgery.

Pug encephalitis:

This is a hereditary and fatal disease. The 1% of the specimens of this breed presents this disease that has no cure to date.

After the first year of life it is very unlikely that the Pug will present this disease, so it is recommended to wait until 2 years for its reproduction and thus prevent the disease from continuing to spread in future generations.

Spina Bifida:

This disease occurs in puppies 4 to 6 weeks of age. It is a malformation that occurs when the spine and spinal cord are not formed in the correct way. It is recommended not to reproduce the dog if you have this problem.


It is a shortness of breath, which results in shortness of breath. It is important not to overstress the Pug physically, nor to expose it to high temperatures.


The Pug is one of the many breeds that suffers from overweight. This is mainly due to the fact that it is a companion animal and that the owners usually give it their own food. It is important that you feed your pet well and that you do not give him treats. Also remember that although you don't have to demand a lot from the Pug, it doesn't have to be sedentary either, so don't forget to take it out for a walk so that it stays in good physical condition

Legg-Calve Perthes disease:

It is a deformation produced in the head of the femur of the hind legs of dogs. Because of this, the bone becomes inflamed and the hip joint disintegrates, causing a lot of pain in the dog.

You will notice that your dog limps at first and that after 2 or 3 months the muscles of the affected leg or legs will atrophy in an obvious way.

The origin of the disease is unknown, but it is estimated to be due to a blood circulation problem. It usually occurs in puppies 5 to 7 months of age. To solve the problem, surgical intervention of the animal is necessary.

Patellar luxation:

Also known as a patella luxation, it occurs when the patella slips out of place. It is usually a hereditary disease, although it is not always the case, it is not serious anyway, but it does cause a lot of pain. It can be a medial dislocation (more common) or a lateral dislocation (rare).

It is very likely that the dog requires a surgical intervention to solve this problem.


It is a curl of the eyelid on the inside, towards the cornea. It is not an overly worrisome problem, but it is very painful. On occasion, surgical intervention may be necessary for the treatment of this condition.


It is a breed that usually loses a lot of hair, it should be brushed between 2 and 3 times a week to remove dead hair. It is very important to clean the wrinkles on the Pug's face, for this it will be enough to use a cotton ball or gauze, gently clean each fold to avoid future infections. Performing this cleaning once a week will be enough.

It is also advisable to clean your teeth and ears twice a week. Approximately every 1 month it will require a bath with specific shampoo for dogs.

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The most recommended is a feed that is of good quality and that is made from natural meat and fruits or vegetables. Avoid those foods that are based on meat and grain flour, as they are not recommended for Pugs.

You have to be careful that it contains a good amount of protein (at least 27%) and also fatty acids (18%)

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The pug is very playful but only requires moderate exercise, since as we said it should not be too demanding or it could become agitated and have respiratory problems. We recommend 2 daily walks at a moderate pace and at a time when it is not too hot.

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Pictures of Pug puppies:

18 thoughts on “Pug”

  1. Excellent article, very good information on diseases and cleaning care. I would like a little more training on feeding, my pug is 3 months old and does not like his food very much Thank you


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