In this article you will find all the relevant information about Pinschers, a breed of dog that emerged in Germany and is very popular around the world. We will tell you everything you need to know to adapt and breed a Pinscher in the best way. Their physical characteristics, the history of the breed, their temperament, uses of the breed, possible diseases, life expectancy, general care and much more.
History of the German Pinscher
The Standard Pinscher emerged in Germany, also known as the German Pinscher. It is not the only dog of the breed in question, but it is the closest to the original from that country. The other dogs in his family are the Affenpinscher, he Miniature Pinscher, he Doberman and the three sizes of the Schnauzers.
The German Pinscher is very old in origin, many works of art at the end of the 18th century it is possible to contemplate dogs very similar to this breed. In the 19th century, this breed of dogs was used as a guardian to protect and maintain the farms and in turn to exterminate the rodents that were roaming their farms. They were excellent hunters of harmful animals and an incredibly protective ability of their family and their home.
The Pinscher breed of dogs was defined around the year 1880. Then in 1895 Bertha Josef created and founded the "Pinscher Klub" based in Germany. Thanks to this Breed Club, the date of origin of the standard version of the dog is established in that year.
In its origins, the colors of the Pinscher were quite varied in their shades; black and tan, a reddish color and even completely black. The German Pinscher was not so famous unlike his familiar Schnauzer, which is similar to the Pinscher but with a rougher coat) or its or other relative the Miniature Pinscher.
However, at the beginning of World War II, the breed of the Standard Pinscher declined in a very alarming way, with the last German Pinscher being registered in 1949.
After the next nine years of this record there were an interesting number of litters of the breed. The extinction of the Pinscher breed was on the brink. However, it was thanks to Warner Jung, a man who admired the breed, who with a lot of dedication and the means available to him at that time rescued and saved the German Pinscher; He even put his life in danger.
Jung with his black and tan dog, a dog he bought and some larger sized Miniature Pinschers, established a small base of German Pinschers which he called "Birkenheide." This breed-loving man in his book "Der Deutsche Mittelschlag Pinscher" manages to mention all the achievements he achieved in order to save the German Breed of the Standard Pinscher published in 1958. For which we have to thank Warner Jung as he establishes the foundations of the German Pinscher breed today.
How many types of Pinscher breed are there?
What does Pinscher mean?
The meaning of the word Pinscher derives from German and means "biter." On the other hand, in English "pinch" is taken for the characteristic cut of the ears of this breed, to prevent other dogs from biting them. The Pincher breed is commonly called the Miniature Pinscher.
What are Pinscher breed dogs like?
This German breed in simple words are Intelligent, Family, Energetic, Gentle and Loving dogs. They are very attentive dogs and good hunters.
Physical characteristics of Pinscherss
The basic physical characteristics of the Pinscher breed are its size, its head, its weight, its height, its coat and its colors or shades commonly established as a purebred. Below we will detail how the Pinscher breed is in terms of its physical specifications.
What is the size of a Pinscher dog?
German Pinschers have a compact body and square shape, that is, their length is practically identical to their height. They have a short back that slopes slightly and a rounded rump at the base of the tail. The tail is set high and is always held erect. In many countries where it is still allowed, they tend to amputate it in the third vertebra at most despite the problems that this practice entails. Wide, oval chest that reaches to the elbows and is raised towards the rear. The elbows are close to the body and the shoulder blades appear with a slight descent. The legs of these dogs are vertical and have a cat's foot, the neck is arched with good articulation between the shoulders.
The head of the Pinscher is identical to that of this breed in miniature version. It is elongated and robust with a stop that, although well defined, can be defined as soft. The upper line of the skull is parallel to its muzzle and its muzzle is deep with a blunt nose. The ears are wide at the base and pointed at the end, they are drooping although they can also be held erect, the eyes are oval and very dark, well-coupled eyelids and scissor-shaped bite.
How much does a Pinscher weigh?
Pinscher dogs have a weight that ranges between 13 kilograms and 18 kilograms. In the case of males, their ideal weight is defined between 15 kilograms and 18 kilograms, in the case of females it ranges between 13 and 15 kilograms.
How tall is a medium Pinscher?
The height of these dogs varies between 45 centimeters and 50 centimeters, the males being larger than the females. Males tend to have a height of between 47 cm and 50 cm and females range between 45 cm and 48 cm.
Pinscher breed coat
The Pinscher's hair is short and thick and looks glossy or shiny to the eye. It is well attached to your body and should not show isolated spots.
Pinscher color and shadess
The coat of the Pinscher dog can be brown in its various shades or in two colors, black and tan. As for their tan spots, they should be as dark as possible and well defined on the animal's body.
How do you know if a Pinscher is pure?
These are the 10 characteristics to identify the purebred Pinscher:
- The head of the dog when one sees it from the front it appears to be narrow.
- The eyes they are barely oval and not totally round. They are usually extremely dark depending on the color of the coat. If your hair is black, your eyes should be too. The darker they are, the purer the dog is.
- He stop, referring to the front part below the forehead, it is light but clearly defined.
- The cheeks They should not protrude, since the skin must be close to the body and not loose.
- The nose it must be black.
- The lips Like the skin, it should not hang or be loose, but should be glued to the dog's jaw.
- The ears they have to be placed and tall, some may be cut and some may not.
- He hair It should be short, smooth, close to the body, and shiny, so it doesn't have to be harsh.
- He Colour the most frequent hair is the one called black color; Although it is called that, it is not completely of that color. It has some clearly defined markings with a medium reddish brown color; these marks must be present on each eye, at the beginning of the muzzle, on its throat, on each side of the chest, on its legs and feet, and under the tail. It is possible to find also a purebred Pinscher completely all reddish brown.
- The tail it is usually cut in certain countries where this action is allowed.
What is the temperament of a Pinscher like?
The temperament of Pinscher dogs is based on their character and behavior. They are dogs in which they have a lot of patience, playfulness, guardians and family members.
If there is something that characterizes the Pinscher in terms of their character, it is the enormous energy that these dogs possess. They are full of life, always ready for anything, well disposed, awake, playful and cheerful. They are very intelligent dogs that tend to bark a lot, which makes them excellent watchdogs, but it is necessary to control that constant barking if you live in urban areas. These dogs are very brave, they will not be scared easily. They love home and family, whom they constantly overprotect
Behavior of the Pinscher breed
The behavior of this German breed stands out for its enormous patience. This makes for excellent treatment with young children. With strangers or possible guests of the house he will remain distant and shy, very observant, but as an interpreter that there is no problem, they will open up to these guests as if they were part of his family. He does not usually have problems with other pets, both dogs and other animals. It is also recommended as in all dogs to carry out a correct socialization process.
The health of the Pinscher breed is always evaluated with a veterinarian based on life expectancy, eating habits and possible diseases or health problems that these dogs may have.
How old is a Pinscher dog?
This breed, in case of having good habits and stable and quality eating habits, has a life expectancy of between 12 and 14 years.
Possible frequent problems or diseases of Pinscherss
- Hip dysplasia
- Heart problems
- Perthes legg disease
- Patellar luxion
- Progressive retinal atrophy
How many dogs can a Pinscher have?
In the case of Toy Pinschers, it is most likely that they have 1 or 2 puppies, there are cases that have 4 pups, in any case it is not the most common. If it is an intermediate to medium-sized dog, it can give birth to between 6 to 8 Pinscher babies. However, if it is a medium to large dog, they can have up to 14 puppies in a single litter.
How much should a Pinscher puppy eat?
Generally to feed a Pinscher puppy from two to six months of age, a portion of food is given 3 to 4 times a day. The food ration will be determined by your veterinarian based on the weight, size and measurements of your Pinscher puppy.
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What care should be taken with a Pinscher dog?
The most common care for the Pinscher breed are grooming, training, daily exercise and the activities that a dog of these characteristics frequent.
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Pinscher dogs do not need much brushing due to their short hair. Brushing them once every 15 days is more than enough to keep your coat in optimal condition. In times of shedding it is recommended to pass a soft bristle brush and then a mitt to remove dead hair. Control the length of the nails, they should always be short. To give your coat shine, it is recommended to wipe with a slightly damp cloth after brushing.
Pinschers tend to have a very high degree of disposition and are puppies that learn relatively quickly the commands that their master gives them. It is recommended that when training it, the master has not only affection and patience to carry out this process, but is also firm and consistent. They are extremely clever so that intelligence can sometimes play against them if their trainer is too soft.
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You don't need too much exercise. An average of forty minutes a day is usually more than enough to keep the Pinscher in optimal condition. With one or two walks a day or with a few minutes of games in the garden, be it running or playing ball games, the dog will be delighted. If it is a sports family, the Pinscher can go running with his master without getting tired.
It is an excellent family dog that can perform canine sports such as agility, obedience and catching objects on the fly. It is an excellent watchdog that has also been used as a dog to catch and kill vermin.
For many years and in many parts of the world there was a tradition of cutting the tail and ears of Pinschers to make it more "aesthetic"; Fortunately, as of 2018, this action is prohibited in Spain. There are other customs that are prohibited in this country such as the removal of teeth and nails and severing the vocal cords of both dogs and cats.
It is an ideal dog for athletes, since the Pinscher breed needs at least one hour a day of exercise. So it's a lot of fun to be able to run or ride a bike with a canine companion.
The German Pinscher is such an intelligent dog that he will learn what he thinks is necessary. In addition, it will also detect what its owner's weaknesses are and will use them to its advantage, such as asking for more food. In case he doesn't like something he knows how to make it clear.
This dog is one of the dogs that since its origins have not changed almost anything in the physical aspect. There are very few differences from the current Pinscher to that of the Middle Ages.
Many times you may find him seeing you for no particular reason, that is because he is a very observant dog due to his ability to monitor his origins.