If you want to know everything about the Dog Norwegian Moose Hunter, also known as Elkhound you have come to the right place. The Norwegian Moose Hunters were the dogs that the Vikings used when they went hunting. A magnificent dog with a lot of character and amazing characteristics. Stay to learn everything you need to know about this Nordic race.
Origin of the Norwegian Elk Hunting Dog
This breed is one of the oldest dogs ever seen to have. According to some archaeologists, complete bones and skeletons of a dog similar to the Norwegian Elkhound have been found from between 4,000 BC and 5,000 BC.
This ancient dog was used to hunt moose, as its name suggests. This dog had a magnificent nose, so it followed the animal's trail and began to bark until it cornered it; This indicated to the hunters where they should go to finally carry out the hunt.
Although his name specifically indicates "elk hunter" he not only specialized in that; It has also carried out this action with lynxes, bears, pumas, wolves, badgers, rabbits and reindeer.
Beyond hunting, they were also excellent watchdogs, flock herders, and sled dogs. Furthermore, the Norwegian Defense Minister has the authorization to recruit all Norwegian Elk Hunting dogs from private property to participate in wars; since it is a very brave dog and deserving of this space in the defense of Norway.
For the year 1877, the participation of this breed in a dog show was held in Norway for the first time; since then until today he has participated in these hunting exhibitions in some Scandinavian countries.
Physical characteristics of the Norwegian Elk Hunter
The Elkhound, also known as the Norwegian Elk Hunting Dog, is a breed of dog that belongs to group 5 of the FCI classification, Spitz and other primitive breeds. Within group 5, it belongs to the third section. Corresponding to the Nordic guard and herding Spitz. It also belongs to the group of medium-sized dogs according to their classification by weight. Next we will describe the physical characteristics of this beautiful Nordic dog.
What is the body of a Norwegian Elk Hunter like?
The Norwegian Moose Hunter has a body with a compact, square and short build. Despite these mentioned characteristics, it maintains an athletic and elegant appearance. Its back is straight and the tail is set high, above the top line. They have a muscular, slightly ascending back and their chest is well developed. Elkhounds have arched ribs and the elbows are always close to the body. Its neck is relatively long in proportion to the length of its back.
What is the head of a Norwegian Elkhound or elk hunter like?
The head of the Elkhound or Norwegian Elk Hunting Dog is wedge-shaped, with the forehead and back of the head slightly arched. The stop of these animals is visible but not too pronounced. As for its muzzle, it is wider than it is long and gradually tapers towards the tip of the nose. Norwegian elk hunters have a straight muzzle and well-matched lips. The comparatively small ears of these dogs are firm and pointed, set high. The eyes should not be bulging and their teeth are always scissor-shaped.
How tall is a Norwegian Elk Hunter?
The ideal size for a Norwegian Elk Hunter is 52 centimeters in adult males. In the case of adult females, the ideal height is 49 centimeters. It should be noted that the height of males is between 45 centimeters and 55 centimeters in height and in females the height ranges between 52 centimeters and 43 centimeters.
How much does a Norwegian elk hunter weigh?
Depending on the sex and build, the weight of a Norwegian Elk Hound Dog can be between 19 kilograms and 25 kilograms. The ideal weight for these dogs is between 22 kilograms and 23 kilograms. Adult females generally have a weight that ranges between 19 kilograms and 23 kilograms and adult males vary between 22 kilograms and 25 kilograms.
What is the coat of a Norwegian Elkhound or Elk Hunter like?
The undercoat of Norwegian elk hunters is made up of soft, woolly hair. The top layer for hair that is slightly longer and thicker. The Elkhound coat is thick and should be hard and waterproof in all its specimens, typical of dogs from countries with very low temperatures. In the ruff of the animal the hair is longer, as in its thighs or pants and the lower part of the tail. On the head of the Norwegian elk hunting dog, the coat is shorter as well as on the legs and feet.
Possible colors of the mantle of a Norwegian elk hunter
The Norwegian Moose Hunting Dog, like other northern European breeds, has a very light colored undercoat. It could be said that it is a few shades away from being white. On the other hand, the color of the outer layer of his coat is darker, in different shades of gray with the tip of the hair black. In the area of the belly, legs, lower part of the tail and the chest of the Norwegian elk hunter, the color of its hair is noticeably lighter. His eyes are dark brown.
Norwegian Elk Hunting Dog temperament
The Norwegian Elkhound or Elkhound Dog has a distinctive temperament. To be able to detail more precisely the temperament of this breed of Nordic dogs, let's treat on the one hand the character of the animal and on the other its behavior.
What is the character of a Norwegian Moose Hunting Dog?
The character of the Norwegian Elk Hunting Dogs is quite distinctive. They are simple dogs, with a lot of vitality, self-assured, friendly and serene. They have an excellent sense of smell and it could also be said that they are sober dogs with a lot of resistance. They are not dogs that are used to barking too much. They will bark if they notice something strange in their surroundings. It should also be clarified that if they notice the need to go out to defend their family, they will do so without hesitation, although for this reason alone they cannot be considered watchdogs. The Elkhound is very intelligent and loves to be in the company of the family, although it is quite independent and somewhat stubborn.
How is the behavior of a Norwegian Elk Hunter?
The Norwegian Elk Hound Dog has quite a charming demeanor around humans. They are dogs that are a bit reserved, without being sullen with those people that they do not know but that they find at home with a relative. However, when visitors that he already recognizes arrive at the house, he is very enthusiastic. They get along very well with children, although they are not constantly disturbed, their patience has a limit. Likewise, the Norwegian moose hunter, when upset, will not present inconveniences but will move away from the children who are nearby. His behavior with other dogs is fantastic since he will not present problems with any, especially females. In the case of males, there are times when they can become somewhat dominant. usually has no problems. If the Elkhound is not familiar with cats or other domestic animals, complications in coexistence can occur. For this reason it is important to carry out a good socialization process with the dog. If the Norwegian Moose Hunter has a well-done socialization, he will get along well with any other pet of the same species or another.
General care of the Norwegian Elk Hunter
In this section on general care for dogs of the Norwegian elk hunter breed of dogs we will detail by blocks which are the best advice regarding their grooming, brushing, training, exercise, feeding and possible diseases of the breed.
Although it is a dog that, due to its history, is in good health, it is important to take certain care in its nutrition and grooming in order to develop correctly
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How to brush my Norwegian elk hunter?
Norwegian elk hunters do not need much care when it comes to brushing and grooming their hair. In itself, it is enough to use a wooden comb with a double row of metal prongs to remove dead hair twice a week during the molting season. In normal times, brushing it once a week is sufficient. Like other breeds of the Arctic, the Norwegian Elk Hunting Dog does not have the characteristic doggy odor. Its coat, being waterproof, does not trap dirt and dries quickly after a shower or bath. In addition, dirt can be easily removed with a brush. But it is important to brush since in this way we avoid diseases or problems in their coat.
How to maintain proper hygiene in my Norwegian elk hunter?
As we have already said, the care of the coat is very important to avoid certain skin infections, so brushing but also bathing and hygiene will be of vital importance in this breed. In this way, it is easier to clean any type of debris or dirt that is lodged between the dense layer of hair that the Norwegian Elk Hunters have.
Baths should only be done if necessary, since it is not recommended to do it very often. The best thing to do for proper care and that your hair is in perfect condition is to bathe it every two months if strictly necessary, otherwise it is better than this longer, since this breed does not have the typical characteristic smell of "dog".
How to train a Norwegian Elk Hunter?
Training a Norwegian Elk Hunter is not very difficult but it does have some considerations to take into account. First of all, keep in mind that this dog is a bit stubborn and cannot be expected to submissively kneel at the feet of his master or handler while he is being educated. It should be noted that it is a much less independent breed than the other races of the Arctic, which greatly facilitates this training process. You have to be firm and affectionate with their training, and above all fair with them, since harsh punishments complemented with too demanding training can be very negative for the development of an Elkhound's character. If the animal thinks that a punishment is unfair, it will interpret it as an offense, and from that moment on it will be a very difficult job to reverse it since it will feel offended for a long time. Take into account the importance of going to the master with a simple call.
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How much exercise does a Norwegian elk hunter need?
Norwegian Elk Hunters need a lot of training. Although it has been a companion dog for several decades now, it still has a very strong bond with nature. It is a working dog that must be able to exercise at least one hour a day. To this, it would be very productive to add excursions by bicycle or on foot. Keep in mind that Norwegian elk hunters are dogs that love to run loose in the fields, wide fields or forests, but be careful with that, as it will get carried away by its hunting instinct if it sniffs a piece while having fun. If you exercise the right amount and in sufficient amounts, you can rest assured that it will behave very well in the home.
How to feed a Norwegian elk hunter?
Being a dog with so many years of history, the most advisable thing is to give it a balanced diet and diet for its correct development, a nutrition strong in proteins and vitamins, to give it excellent health and beautiful coat.
So it is highly recommended to give this medium breed of dog a balanced and natural food, such as raw meat, carbohydrates and vegetables. It is also very important to be able to divide your meals into two large servings per day. In case you want your dog to eat balanced dog food, it is advisable to approach the veterinarian to give them the necessary indications and proportions based on their weight, size and age.
Bear in mind that it is a breed that loves to eat, so you have to pay close attention to the quantity and not give it too much as this will cause obesity in the dog.
One way to detect its correct and sufficient feeding is in principle to look at it and be able to see that the dog has a waist. In the second instance, put your hands up behind his back, the thumbs should be along the dog's spine and with the fingers pointing downwards, grabbing the ribs. In case you are eating correctly, you should be able to feel them, but not see them with the naked eye, otherwise you will have to press hard to feel them. Otherwise the Norwegian Elkhounds will need less food and a little more physical activity and outdoor games for them to run.
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Common diseases in Norwegian moose hunters
As with many other races like the English greyhound, he Schnauzer or the Scottish hound, is a dog that can suffer from hip and elbow dysplasia; It is a problem in which the joints and makes the movement of certain parts of the animal's body difficult, causing a lot of pain. On the other hand, it is also common for eye disorders to be hereditary in this breed.
So it is highly recommended that in his upbringing and development perform hip and eye examinations with the veterinarian. Go to the specialist in case of seeing abnormalities in your walk or colliding repeatedly with objects. Taking care of a dog is not an easy task, but it is always simpler if someone who knows guides us.
How long does a Norwegian elk hunter live?
Although it is a dog that can have some problems or hereditary diseases, it is a medium breed dog and its life expectancy ranges between 10 and 12 years of age.
In any case, it must be taken into account that life expectancy is not only determined by their health, but by the care that one can provide to the dog; such as their feeding or diet, grooming and brushing and visits to the vet in case of detecting any malfunction or difficulties in general.
Norwegian Elk Hunting Dog uses
When we refer to the use of the Norwegian Elk Hunting Dog we are not referring mainly to the functions that have been given to these dogs historically. In their country of origin and throughout northern Europe, they were used and are used today for hunting moose, hence the meaning of their name, of course. Now, in the rest of the world it was, is and will be simply a companion dog. They are adorable dogs with the family and that is why the challenge of the world adopted them that way. As for dog sports, you can participate with him in competitions such as agility trials, but only if you consider it simply as fun.
Additional details of the Norwegian Moose Hunter breed
There is a variety of the Moose Hunter with a chestnut black mantle with some slightly lighter white spot: it belongs to a different classification. They are called Norwegian Black Elk Hunting Dogs and are relatively uncommon.