Dutch shepherd

The Dutch Shepherd breed of dogs are dogs originating in the Netherlands that approximately in the year 1830 began to differentiate this breed. These medium-sized muscular dogs have a well-defined, robust and proportionate body build. They also love their owners dearly and make them very docile, obedient and very attentive dogs. The Dutch Shepherd, as his name says well, I always work as a shepherd dog thanks to his great ability and ability as a sheepdog; however, he was also an excellent police dog. In this article we will detail and answer the question What is a Dutch Shepherd like? where a bit will be commented on its history and origin; their physical characteristics and temperament, with the basic care for this breed of dogs.

History of the Dutch Shepherd

The Dutch Shepherd breed of dogs, clearly its name tells us from which country this breed of Dutch dog comes from. They are a breed that is too old, the first physical standard was made official in 1898. It is important to note that approximately around 1830 is when the Belgian Shepherd and the Dutch shepherd they begin to differentiate themselves as independent races, as happened with those countries territorially; This also allowed each country to give rise to different races over the years.

On the other hand, it is believed that the breed of dogs German shepherd is one of the ancestors of the Dutch Shepherd; This would further reinforce a famous theory that mentions that all European shepherds descend from the same ancestor due to the similar characteristics and facilities for certain hunting tasks, security grazing and carrying small weights.

The Dutch Shepherds, or their original name «dutch shepherds«They were dogs that were widely used as guide dogs for flocks of sheep; not only grazing, but also having them guarded so that they are not lost anywhere, ruining the plantations, but also keeping them together and within certain limits. Anyway, the work of sheepdog was not only for the sheep herds, but they also carried out this work with the chickens, or herded the cows when they had to be milked.

Other tasks of the Dutch Shepherds

However, not only the Dutch Shepherds were incredible herding dogs, but these dogs were excellent guardians for their intelligence and courage; So to the minimum danger that they considered, they alerted the shepherds, farmers and property owners.

This last work they did, is the reason why the Dutch shepherds were not affected as if other herding breeds suffered. The versatility and easy change of tasks that they had made it easier for this breed to see them in other tasks, some of them were police dogs, rescue dogs and support for blind people such as guide dogs. As it also happened with the German Sheepdog, the breed, seeing it more in the city, became more popular, so then they began to have them in homes in a very short time.

The Dutch Shepherd today is a little known, but beautiful breed; However, in Holland it does not happen this way, since there are many copies of these dogs. Likewise, in many countries neighboring their country of origin, they are used as police dogs or by the military forces.

Physical characteristics of the Dutch Shepherd

This affectionate and reliable breed of Dutch Shepherd dog according to the FCI classifications is within Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). Section 1: Sheepdogs. In addition, it can be said that it is a medium-sized breed since it does not exceed 30 Kilograms both females and males.

Dutch Shepherd Body

The Dutch Shepherd is a medium-sized dog with a proportionate complexion, with a body slightly longer than tall (a ratio of 10: 9). The back of these dogs is straight and short, and their loins are robust. The croup is not too short, nor does it have a descending line. The tail is hanging and may have a gentle curve. The chest is deep and not very narrow; the shoulder blades are descending, and the hocks and knee joints in the hindquarters have a good joint angle. The feet are well closed, with arched toes. They should not be too long. The neck is lean and not very short.

Dutch Shepherd Head

The head of the Dutch Shepherd is well proportioned to the body. It does not present wrinkles or folds and has an elongated format. Viewed from the sides, the muzzle appears parallel to the top of the skull. The stop is not pronounced and the lips are glued to the teeth. The ears are set high, relatively small; they are carried erect and slightly bent forward, and should not be spoon-shaped. The Dutch Shepherd's eyes, which are relatively large, are usually also almond-shaped and downwardly set. The teeth are scissors.

How tall is a Dutch Shepherd?

The Dutch Shepherd measures approximately between 57 centimeters and 62 centimeters in adult males and its size ranges between 55 centimeters and 60 centimeters in adult females.

How much does a Dutch Shepherd weigh?

The average weight of a Dutch Shepherd is around 30 kilograms on average. Taking into account both male and female specimens. If we focus on the average weight of adult males, the weight of these dogs ranges from 29 kilograms to 35 kilograms. In contrast, adult females have a weight that varies between 25 kilograms and 30 kilograms.

Dutch Shepherd coat

The Dutch Shepherd can have three different types of hair, below we will detail each of them:

Shorthaired dutch shepherd

The short haired Dutch Shepherd has curly hair that despite the name is not too short all over the body. It has a woolly undercoat. It has a ruff and the back of the legs is also hairy, in the tail, it is in the area of the body where the hair is longest.

• Long-haired Dutch Shepherd

The long-haired Dutch Shepherd has a smooth coat, with thick and long hair that falls covering the entire body, with a woolly undercoat. The coat is short on the head, on the ears and on the feet. On the hindquarters, from the hocks down, the hair is short. It should also be noted that the hair on the ruff, the tail and the back of the front legs is longer than on the rest of the body.

• Wire-haired Dutch Shepherd

The Wirehaired Dutch Shepherd has a thick, rough and tousled coat of fur, with a woolly and thick undercoat. It has hair around the mouth, both on the mustache and on the beard, and the eyebrows are rough and raised. It is desirable for dog shows and competitions, to have thick fur on the back of the legs; the tail should also be thick.

Accepted colors in the Dutch Shepherd

As for the colors of the Dutch Shepherd, the following varieties are known:

  • In the short and long hair specimens stained silver and gold color is accepted. Both must have a mask, preferably black. A top coat that has too much black hair is undesirable.
  • The hard-haired specimen they can be silver and gold spotted, but blue-gray varieties and the well-known "salt and pepper" which is black with gray.
pastor holandés parado en la esquina de una montaña con vista a la ciudad y una rama de árbol

Dutch Shepherd temperament

These magnificent dogs are very alert and reliable dogs, they are also loyal and very obedient, so it will be much easier and easier to carry out a training since they are to learn things very quickly. In this section we will detail how is the temperament of a Dutch Shepherd; dividing him as to how his character is and how he behaves.

Character of the Dutch Shepherd

The Dutch Shepherd is an animal with a very particular character. To begin to describe it we must indicate that these dogs are intelligent, resistant, serious and active. They are devoted to their owners and their family, they are very faithful and close to them, as well as being very affectionate and super obedient. They love to work, like all Shepherd-type dogs and the three varieties of these dogs are equally vigilant, they remain alert at all times. They bark if they feel danger, and bravely defend the family if they consider it necessary. Although the three varieties are very similar to each other in terms of their character, there are some differences: the short-haired Dutch Shepherd is more resistant and aggressive; the long-haired and the wire-haired are more sensitive and much kinder.

Dutch Shepherd behavior

Regarding its behavior, the Dutch Shepherd usually gets along well with other dogs. It preserves its hunting instinct, which makes it extremely important that it has a correct socialization process so that it can live with cats and other animals of different species. He likes them and gets along well with children, as long as they respect him. They do not accept strangers, if someone you do not know enters the house, they will be noticed and cautious and they tend to warmly receive family friends.

General care for a Dutch Shepherd

The Dutch Shepherd dog does not have too much basic care, however it is important to always give it a good diet and constant exercise since they are dogs with a lot of energy due to their origins. In this section we will divide the essential care for this breed of dogs, such as their grooming and hygiene, how to train and exercise these beautiful shepherds, the recommended diet and health with their life expectancy.

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How to brush a Dutch Shepherd?

Because there are three varieties of the Dutch Shepherd breed, their treatment for brushing and caring for the coat of these dogs is different depending on the type of Shepherd you have. When you have a short-haired or long-haired specimen, the coat can be cared for very well with just a weekly brushing. In the molt it is necessary that this brushing is more frequent and here the variations appear since the recommendations for short-haired specimens is between two and three weekly brushings and for long-haired specimens it is between 4 and 5 weekly brushings. Wire-haired Dutch Shepherds should not be brushed, but should be combed with a thick comb, and not too often. Taking him a couple of times a year to a dog groomer to have his hair cut and given the finishing touch is more than enough for the treatment of the coat. Their nails must be short, regardless of the variety. In the long-haired and wire-haired varieties, you may have to trim the excess fur that accumulates in the ear canals.

How to properly train a Dutch Shepherd?

As we have said before, the Dutch Shepherd is a very intelligent dog, who likes to learn and work. He quickly understands the orders and generally, since he is an obedient dog that enjoys pleasing his master and his family, he follows them. Long, hard-haired varieties do not adapt well to repetitive and intense training, to which the short-haired Dutchman responds considerably better. Therefore, for those varieties, a heterogeneous training is better.

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Food in the Dutch Shepherd

Both to the Dutch Shepherd, as to any other dog, whether of breed or mongrel, it is important to give it a good quality of food, that is, dry dog food. It is important to eat a balanced diet in protein and vitamins, but especially the number of servings and the portion itself. Since if he is too active, it is advisable to give him a good amount of food rich in protein so that he does not waste his energy. It is important not only to give him a good quantity and quality of food due to his high energy level, but this will also allow him to have a prettier, shinier and healthier skin and coat. It is recommended to give 2 servings a day of a good amount of food, however, it is recommended that you approach a trusted veterinarian so that he can tell you exactly how much food the dog should eat, based on age, size and the amount of physical activity you do.

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The Dutch Shepherd Exercise

It is advisable to take a Dutch Shepherd dog regularly for long walks or a run in the countryside. They like to be active and work for their master. It is also convenient that a couple of times a week spend half an hour in obedience tests, retrieve objects and other activities, since they are beneficial for the animal both physically and mentally. Training it an average of 2 hours a day between walks and other types of exercises is more than enough for the animal to be in perfect shape.

Health and possible diseases of the Dutch Shepherd

The Dutch Shepherd dog breed is well known for its endurance and good health, they generally have an excellent quality of life. However, this point is important to take into account, since a good quality of life for a dog is to have certain basic care and dedicate the time it needs. These cares are to give him a good diet, the best possible as far as we can, routine exercises with walks or outdoor activities so that he also wears his nails, and taking him to the vet every so often, especially when he is a puppy.

Luckily, these dogs, unlike one of their relatives, the German Shepherd, do not have as many hereditary health problems as inflammatory myopathy and rare but possible Goniodysplasia. On the other hand, Dutch Shepherds tend to have a very common health problem that is also present in other dogs of this size: hip dysplasia. In case you see that he has any difficulty either walking or making any movement, or you hear that he has a moan or cry when moving; It is advisable that you take it immediately to the animal health specialist so that it can be reviewed and so they can take action on the matter.

How long does a Dutch Shepherd live?

As we mentioned earlier, a Dutch Shepherd has an excellent quality of life and a lot of resistance and tolerance to certain and certain events; so the life expectancy of this breed of dog ranges between 12 and 15 years. However, it is important to clarify that depending on the care we give the dog, one can live longer and be able to enjoy their affection for longer. It is essential to take him to the vet at least once a year, or when they see that he has any difficulty, problem or illness.

How many puppies can a female Dutch Shepherd breed have?

Although it will depend a lot on the specimens that are crossed, generally the females of this breed usually have litters of between 5 and 8 puppies.

Uses of the Dutch Shepherd breed

The Dutch Shepherd is a very skilled dog in obedience tests and catching objects on the fly. Although the three varieties are usually good at hunting, the short-haired variety is the one that stands out the most for this type of activity. Another function that they perform very well, as the name implies, is herding.

pastor holandés sacando la lengua en el campo con árboles detrás

4 thoughts on “Pastor Holandés”

  1. Excellent article I hope that those who like or attract this beautiful breed take the time to read it since it is always good to continue learning and remembering the qualities of our dogs, whether they are for work or company.

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