The Scottish Greyhound or Royal Dog of Scotland, also known as Deerhound is a dog that belongs to the category of large dogs due to its average weight. According to the FCI classification, this breed of dog is included in group 10, with Sighthounds, in section 2, wire-haired sighthounds. Below we will show you everything you need to know and take into account if you have or plan to adopt a dog of this breed.
Scottish Greyhound history
Scottish sighthounds have a life expectancy similar to that of most large dogs. Although the expectation determined by almost all the experts is between 8 years and 11 years, the average is estimated to be 9 and a half years. Like all large or giant breed dogs they do not have a life expectancy of many years. Likewise, it is important to clarify that thanks to advances in canine medicine and in the treatment of diseases, it can be said that the average number of years of life in this breed is increasing and more and more specimens that exceed 11 years of age. lifetime.
What does Deerhound mean?
The name Deerhound refers to this dog for its long-standing deer hunting origins and functionalities. If we split the name in half, Hound in English means "hound" or "hunting dog", while Deer translates as deer. From there comes the name of this tall and slender gray greyhound.
Scottish Greyhound physical characteristics
The Scottish Greyhound is a dog that belongs to group 10 of the FCI classification, Sighthounds, section 2, Wire-haired sighthounds. This canine breed has very great similarities with the Greyhound and also has many similarities in appearance with the Irish Wolves. Next we will make a physical description of Scottish Sighthounds in parts.
Scottish Greyhound Body
The Scottish Greyhound's body closely resembles that of the Greyhound. The difference is that the Scottish Greyhound has less light bones and is larger. The shoulders of this dog are strong, but not excessively heavy or sloping. His chest is deeper than it is wide, but it is not too narrow. The rump of these dogs should be as powerful and wide as possible and their hips well apart. These Sighthounds have a back that should not be straight and loins that should be well arched, descending towards the tail. The tail of these animals is thick at the base and tapers towards the tip; it shows low, normally curved, and should never be carried above the top line. At rest, the animal's tail reaches almost to the ground. The legs are wide and flat, with firm and compact feet. The Scottish Greyhound's neck is long, quite wide and strong.
Scottish Greyhound Head
The head of the Scottish Greyhound is elongated with a fairly flat skull. The widest point on the head of these sighthounds is between their ears. They do not have a stop. Its skull gradually narrows towards the eyes and more markedly towards the nose. The snout of these Scottish dogs is quite pointed and they have a slightly arched bridge of the nose. The ears are set high, soft, fine and as small as possible. In the resting state they are bent backwards. On the other hand, when the animal is alert, they are raised a little or carried semi-erect, but never completely erect. The Scottish Greyhound's teeth are completely scissor-shaped.
How much does an adult Scottish Greyhound weigh?
The weight of an adult Scottish Greyhound varies according to its size. On average it is estimated that an adult male Scottish Greyhound weighs an average of 45.5 kilograms. The males of this breed have a weight that ranges between 39 kilograms and 50 kilograms, but 45.5 kilograms would be considered the ideal weight. On the side of the females of this breed, the weight ranges between 34 kilograms and 43 kilograms, with the ideal weight being 36.5 kilograms.
How tall is an adult Scottish Greyhound?
Scottish Sighthounds have a height at the withers that ranges between 70 centimeters and 81 centimeters. Although they do not have a maximum established as established by the FCI, what is determined is the minimum of their size. This is 71 centimeters for the females and 76 centimeters for the male.
What is the coat of the Scottish Greyhound like?
The coat of Scottish sighthounds is made up of hard, coarse hair between 7 centimeters and 10 centimeters in length on the body. To the touch, this hair is hard or shaggy and falls close to the body. The hair on the chest, head and belly has a noticeably smoother texture. In these areas the coat is usually a little shorter and should be even shorter in the ear areas. He has a distinctive beard and mustache. The coat should never be woolly or give an impression of exuberance.
What colors of Scottish sighthounds are there?
The most common and desirable color in Scottish sighthounds is dark blue-gray. There are also other shades in its coat that are accepted, these can be: gray in all its lighter or darker shades, fawn, in all shades although dark fawn, yellow, reddish blonde or fawn are more preferred. The muzzle and ears are always black, whatever the color of its coat. Some white is allowed on the chest and fingers, although not a desirable feature. Scottish sighthounds are dark and their lids are always black.
Scottish Greyhound temperament
We divide the temperament of the Scottish Greyhound into two different sections to facilitate understanding and to facilitate the search for information for users. To define the temperament of this breed, on the one hand we will explain what are the characteristics that it has in terms of its character and on the other hand we will explain how the behavior of the breed is in general terms.
Character of a Scottish Greyhound
If there is something that perfectly characterizes the character of a Scottish Greyhound, it is its docility. Other distinguishing features of the breed's character is that they are friendly and level-headed. They have a simple and sensitive temper, and they tend to establish very strong emotional ties both with their master and with the rest of the people they frequent or with those with whom they live. He is dignified at times, but is also loving and reasonably meek and obedient. He is quite demanding of himself and not at all prim. It has a strong hunting instinct, which added to its speed makes it a perfect and very competent dog for these activities. Inside the home they are usually calm and you could even say lazy, but outside they are extraordinarily active. Due to their sensitive and sweet temperament, it is not good to live alone in a kennel, they are dogs that love and enjoy living with their family and their master within the home.
Behavior of Scottish Greyhoundsis
The Scottish Greyhound has excellent behavior. He gets along well with other similar dogs and with children he does not have any problems, it could even be said that he seems to understand that they are creatures and is tolerant and receptive to everything that involves having a child close to a dog. It is the responsibility of the parents, always, to make them respect the animal as one more member of the family and to teach them to play and live with it. Due to its impressive and acute hunting instinct, living with cats and small animals is often problematic. This does not mean that it is impossible to have a Scottish Greyhound and a cat, rabbit or other type of pet in the same house, but it does imply that a proper socialization process must be carried out. It is not the type of dog that lunges forcefully on visitors, friendly or not. He is usually a bit shy and distant in this regard. You will notice that he is curious about what is happening, but at first he keeps his distance.
General Scottish Greyhound care
To define the general care of the Scottish Greyhound we will divide the article into different sections to facilitate understanding and the search for information. What is included in general Scottish Greyhound care? On the one hand, the corresponding brushing and grooming for the breed, the training, where we will tell how the socialization process is carried out, among other things, the corresponding diet, the recommended exercise and the possible diseases that the breed can contract. In the latter we also define how much is the average life expectancy of the breed.
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When to brush my Scottish Greyhound and how to maintain proper hygiene in the breed?
Scottish sighthounds require thorough brushing on a regular basis. Due to the texture of its coat, it is necessary to remove excess hair from the ear canals from time to time by hand and trim excess hair between the pads of its feet with round-tipped scissors. Brushing should be done at least once a week and in times of shedding it is recommended that it be done every other day. Depending on the quality of the coat of each greyhound, the coat should be groomed by hand or trimmed with a blunt razor between one and two times a year. Baths with lukewarm water are productive in times of shedding since they serve to control hair loss. Outside the shedding season, the baths are recommended to be done every 3 or 4 months on average. Do not abuse this practice too much and protect the animal's ears. The Scottish Greyhound or deerhound is very prone to corns or yagas on the pads of the feet.
How to train my Scottish Greyhound?
To properly train a Scottish Greyhound we must bear in mind that it is essential that there is a perfect understanding between the owner and the dog. If this happens, our dog will learn relatively quickly. The Scottish Greyhound is a very helpful dog, but it does not adapt well to long training sessions, so it is recommended to train it in periods of 30 or 40 minutes at most. In case you want to spend a little more time a day, the training process can be divided into two sessions. Normally, it is enough to ask him something nicely for him to do what is intended. In no case should it be treated harshly or severely.
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Socialization is very important in these sighthounds. A poorly implemented socialization process can bring us headaches if the animal lives with pets of other species such as cats or rabbits. We must bear in mind that this dog's hunting instinct will make life miserable for our other pet. To carry out a correct socialization we must be patient and persevering and in the case of being beginners in terms of dog ownership, resort to a specialized trainer.
What to keep in mind when exercising a Scottish Greyhound?
The Scottish Greyhound is calm indoors, but needs plenty of exercise outdoors. In a garden or spacious lot, he can satisfy much of his physical needs related to exercise himself, but they love to accompany his master on long walks in the field. They are not dogs that fear him or that bad weather affects them. Like other sighthounds, he is carried away by his instinct when he sees a piece, but if he is well trained and obedient, he can let him loose to play and run, always in areas where it is safe. Bear in mind that these dogs are very fast, which means that if you take them around the city for a walk, it is best that they be on a leash. Without a leash and not very obedient, it is a risk that they will not want to take in the city since they could get lost, escape and endanger their lives.
So to summarize, if you have a spacious garden with 40 minutes or an hour of walking a day, it is more than enough for the hound exercise to meet the recommended expectations. If you do not have a large area, it is recommended to go outside more than once a day and at least give this animal an hour and a half or two of entertainment.
How to feed my Scottish Greyhound?
The recommended diet for an adult Scottish Greyhound is three small portions of food per day; instead of doing it two or three times with plenty of food. This is to avoid gastric torsion that this dog can have.
To avoid that the dog, due to its height, has to lower its head and hinder its food needs, it is essential to place the food and drink dishes at a height appropriate to its size.
The most advisable thing is that you do not do intense exercises after eating to avoid gastric problems later.
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Possible diseases of the Deerhound breed
- Hip dysplasia
- Gastric torsion
- Bone cancer
How long does a Scottish Greyhound live?
The life expectancy of the Scottish Greyhound is approximately between 8 and 10 years of age. In any case, the quality of life will always depend on the care that is given to the dog. In any case, it is inevitable that a large breed dog has the difficulties mentioned above due to its size.
Deerhound breed uses
Currently it is not used for its original function, which is hunting large game, especially deer. Another of the activities for which these dogs were used is dog racing. At present they are more considered as family dogs than as dogs for some of the original uses.