Keeshond breed dogs are incredible dogs that are also known as Wolfspitz, but only until 1926. They are dogs that come from Germany and very similar to the Pomperania, another German Spitzes breed. In this article we will answer the question What is a Keeshond like? Where you will find a brief summary of its origin, the physical characteristics and temperament; in addition to the essential care that is needed for this beautiful breed of dog. In addition, at the end of the note you will find some curiosities about the breed in question.
The Keeshond, also known as Wolfspistz, German Spitz Wolf Spitz, is one of the smallest members of the Spitz family. It stands out for its great resemblance to foxes and also to wolves, a characteristic that gave rise to its name. It has pointed and raised ears, a long collar of fur around the face and a tail in abundant curved plume that rests on the back. This breed gets its name from Kees de Gisela, a historic Dutch leader, of the patriotic party in the late 16th century. His dog was also called Kees but after his defeat, this breed became little respected as no one wanted to be associated with an open symbol from a previous resistance movement. It took almost a century for these dogs, which although they are known as Germans have their origin in Holland, became popular again. Today they can be seen on the barges that circulate through the country's canals. When they became popular in England at the beginning of the 20th century, they were actually known as'Dutch Barge Dogs»Whose meaning in Spanish means "The people's dogs".
Past and present
After its evolution to adapt to life within the confines of a barge, it is a breed that gets used to homes with small spaces quite well. Its size also means that it doesn't take up much space in this type of environment. Another characteristic is its role as a guard dog since these dogs are very attentive to the arrival of visitors.
Keeshond physical characteristics
These primitive dogs are classified within the FCI in Group 5: Spitz Type and Primitive Type Dogs. Section 4: European Spitz, since their main characteristic is a double coat that protects them from the weather. Also, these woolly dogs are considered medium breed dogs.
The Keeshond has a robust body made up of a short, straight back that slopes slightly at the rear. The tail of these dogs is set high, moderately long, which curls over the line of the back. They have a deep chest, well sprung ribs and a tucked belly. Straight, solid legs of medium length and rounded feet that should be as small as possible and with arched toes. Its neck is moderately long.
The head of the Keeshond is medium in size and tapers wedge-shaped towards the nose when viewed from a high position. Its stop is moderate and the muzzle should not be too long. It is convenient that it has a ram's nose, that is, convex. The lips of the specimens of this breed are well coupled and should not present folds at the corners. Their ears are triangular and erect with a high insertion, which should be as close together as possible, and medium-sized oval eyes and slightly oblique insertion. Scissor-shaped denture.
How tall is a Keeshond dog?
The ideal height for the Keeshond is 49 cm, although variations of up to 6 cm above or below this measurement are allowed. The adult males of this breed tend to measure between 48 centimeters and 55 centimeters, while adult females usually have a size that ranges between 43 and 50 centimeters.
How much does the Keeshond weigh?
The Keeshond have an ideal weight that is 16 kilograms. The weight that the specimens of this tend to have ranges between 14 kilograms and 18 kilograms, adult males being a little heavier than females. In general, male specimens that are found in their adulthood tend to weigh between 15 kilograms and 18 kilograms and the specimens that are female and are found in adulthood tend to have a weight that is between 14 kilograms and 16 kilograms.
The Keeshond's coat
The Keeshond's coat is abundant, long and detached from the body, especially on the neck and shoulders. It should not form a parting line on the spine. The longest hair is found in the area of the tail and below the neck, but it is short on the face, the ears and the front and sides of the legs.
Colors in the Keeshond breed
Keeshond breed specimens have a wolf color, that is why they are also known as Wolf Spitz. Now, surely you wonder what the color wolf is like. The wolf color is silver gray with black tipped hair. The eyes must be dark in all specimens.
Keeshond or Wolfspitz dogs are incredibly obedient, agile and fast dogs; but also very happy and playful. That is why to better understand how the temperament of these dogs is, we will detail, on the one hand, how they behave and on the other, how is their character.
The Keeshond have incredible character. They are cheerful, serene, intelligent dogs and well disposed to learn. They are very temperamental and tend not to bark. They are vigilant and very loyal to their masters and to the family they live with. They are not easily fooled by strangers. They like to be outdoors and thanks to their fur they resist any type of adverse weather conditions, but they do not adapt well to living in a kennel, since they consider it almost as a punishment because they do not like to be excluded from the family.
The Keeshond is a dog that usually gets along quite well with other dogs with practically no need for socialization. With children, their behavior does not usually have any type of problem, especially when these little ones are those of their family. Although they have a minimal hunting instinct, it is advisable to accustom them from an early age to being with cats and other pets. Socialization in these dogs is something that does not take much effort because they are tame by nature, but it is always advisable to carry the process forward. Once they have been educated and socialized, they can live with any type of animal in harmony. They are always very vigilant with strangers, but very rarely in an extreme way.
General care for a Keeshond
Clearly one of the most important care for this breed of dog is feeding and proper care of its coat. However physical activity and a regular vaccination plan are the next issues to consider. That is why in this section we will describe the basic care that the Wolfspitz or Keeshond breed needs.
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How and when to brush a Keeshond?
The Keeshond is a dog that has a type of coat that is easy to care for, since it is very detached from the body and does not tend to tangle. However, during the molt it suffers a very severe shedding of its coat, so it will have to be combed frequently with a thick comb. Outside of this season it is not advisable to brush it too much so as not to damage the lower layer. Nails should be checked often and should always be short. It is advisable to brush the Keeshond once a week at most if we are in a time when its hair does not shed. When the shedding season arrives, due to the amount of hair it has, it is advisable to brush it at least once every two days. A practice that can be very useful to avoid constant brushing in times of shedding, is to bathe it with warm water. This process will reduce hair loss and prevent excessive brushing.
How to train a Keeshond?
The Keeshond is a fairly intelligent breed that likes to learn and follow orders and also takes pleasure in pleasing its master or any member of its family. This suggests that it will not cause a problem in terms of training. It is a highly recommended dog for beginner masters given its temperamental characteristics as well as its aspects in terms of training.
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The handsome Wolfspitz breed tends to be well-behaved when it comes to food. However, it is important to be able to give them a quality and balanced diet for these dogs. It can be given both dry feed and homemade food; but we must bear in mind that for any of the options, there must be meat, rice and vegetables. In addition, it is highly recommended to be able to give it a mineral complex of vitamins that will give it a plus so that the hair grows with more strength and an incredible shine. Usually it is fed 2 times a day, once in the morning and once in the evening. But we advise them that in order to have good nutrition, they should take him to a veterinarian so that he can tell him exactly how much Keeshond should eat; based on the age, weight and physical activity of this breed.
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Keeshond Health and Common Diseases
Thanks to their history and their double coat of hair, Keeshond are dogs that do not suffer from many diseases. however, it is important to check your health with an animal specialist to verify that you do not have any type of complications. The most common diseases in these dogs are epilepsy, hip dysplasia and it could have some problems or diseases in the skin if it is not cared for properly. The most common is usually dysplasia since this problem tends to be hereditary; however, they can make other diseases of the same category less frequent, such as cataracts, glaucoma and cutaneous asthenia.
How long does a keeshond live?
Keeshond dogs enjoy a good quality of life, as long as attention is paid to their care. The life expectancy of these dogs is close to 15 years. However, it is important to take the dog to the vet with some regularity to carry out medical check-ups and avoid the common health problems in this breed.
Keeshond make good companion dogs and can adapt well to both city life and country life. In addition, they are suitable for different dog sports, such as agility tests. Its original function was to kill vermin and it is considered by the FCI as a garden dog.
Curiosities of the Wolfspitz or Keeshond
These beautiful dogs were about to die out and disappear for the XVX. Also in the UK they were included for the first time by Mrs Wingfield-Digby. However, they did not have the success they had until they arrived in the United States around 1920. Another curious fact is that shortly after, 1930, the Kesshond was recognized by the American Kennel Club. It is interesting to note that although these dogs have a Dutch origin, the FCI classifies them as within the German Spitz family. Thanks to their double coat, these dogs resist very harsh climates, such as intense cold, with a lot of rain or snow. They are dogs very adaptable to different climatic circumstances, however in very hot places they could have problems with their skin or fur.