The famous American Cocker Spaniel or American Cocker is a breed of dog from the United States of America. These dogs are that they were created from English cocker spaniel Originally from the United Kingdom brought in approximately 1800. Over time, the breed was so different from the original, that they considered it an independent breed by 1946. In this article we will answer the question What is an American Cocker Spaniel like? Detailing a bit its origins, its physical characteristics and temperament; care for the breed and some curiosities
History of the American Cocker Spaniel
The American Cocker Spaniel, also known as the American Cocker Spaniel for its meaning in English, is a breed of dog native to the United States. This breed of dogs arises from English Cockers Spaniel that were brought to North America in 1800, from the United Kingdom. Since the 1930s, the American Cocker Spaniel had so many differences from the English Cocker Spaniel that it was officially considered a different breed of dog. This happens from 1946.
The term Cocker comes originally from the fact that these dogs were used in hunting woodcocks, in England, and with the passing of the years it began to be used for hunting a great variety of birds.
In the United States, the breed is officially recognized by the AKC (American Kennel Club) as Cocker spaniel. In contrast, outside the United States, the breed is recognized as the American Cocker or the American Cocker Spaniel.
By 1936, a group of fans of the breed was formed English cocker spaniel They met in Pennsylvania, at the home of a man named Shippen. There a club had been created which they named "The Club of the English Cockers of the United States". It was these meetings that caused the variety of Cockers to be recognized and these dogs began to be imported more frequently from England to the United States.
Differentiating the American race from the English
In 1938, through competitions, it was concluded that there were a large number of Cocker specimens that had been bred in the United States. Not only that, but there was also only one of all these specimens that had an English-born ancestor in the first generations of its pedigree. It is for this reason, that that same year, a motion was presented so that those people who own English Cockers, as a policy and requirement to be members of the ECSCA, be not allowed to breed American or American type dogs. It is there that an objection was also filed to prevent the American varieties from being presented together with the English category.
Two years later, the North American variety of Cockers has a new outcropping and with the help of a group of fans of the English Cocker Spaniel it is achieved that both canine varieties are recognized as separate breeds.
Physical Characteristics of the American Cocker Spaniel
The American Cocker Spaniel breed of dogs is a small dog since it does not exceed 15 Kilograms. In addition to its history and its incredible work well done, the FCI classifies it within Group 8: Hunting retriever dogs, Hunting lifting dogs, Water dogs. Section 2: Hunting Lifting Dogs.
Body of the American Cocker Spaniel
The American Cocker Spaniel is a dog with a strong, compact and muscular body. The back is strong, straight and gradually descends towards the rump. Its hips are broad and muscular and it has well-rounded hindquarters. The ribs are deep and well sprung and the chest reaches to the elbows. The tail is usually cut in the countries where it is allowed, it is aligned with the back or slightly higher. The American Cocker Spaniel has strong, straight legs, with a good articular angle and straight and compact feet, quite large, round and solid. The neck is muscular with a little dewlap.
The head of the American Cocker Spaniel
The head of the American Cocker Spaniel is made up of a domed skull with a deep stop and well-defined ciliary arches. Both the skull and its muzzle are the same length. The muzzle, in turn, is wide and deep. It has a fleshy upper lip and covers the lower one. Its nose is large with developed nostrils. The eyes are round and large, somewhat almond-shaped and very expressive, with well-coupled lids.
How tall is an American Cocker Spaniel?
The American Cocker Spaniel has an average height of 38.10 centimeters in the male and 35.56 centimeters in the female. Variations of 1.27 centimeters, more or less, should be allowed for both males and adult females.
How much does the American Cocker Spaniel weigh?
This beautiful little breed of dog has the same weight as both females and males for an adult American Cocker. It is between 7 Kilograms and 14 Kilograms approximately. However, it is likely that you may have a swing in your weight of up to 2 Kilograms both over and under.
What is the coat of the American Cocker Spaniel like?
Short and fine on the head; on the body it is of medium length. The ears, chest, belly and legs are well covered by hair of a silky, smooth or slightly wavy texture. The coat cannot be fluffy or frizzy.
Colors of the American Cocker Spaniel
The colors that an American Cocker Spaniel can have are chestnut black and other pure colors: fawn red, chestnut or light cream color. There are also black and tan or liver and fire cloaks. The tan spots must be in the usual areas (except the chest) and must not cover more than 10 % of the coat. A small stain on the chest or throat can be allowed in the black chestnut and black and tan coats, but if the white color is found elsewhere it will be disqualifying. Two and three-color specimens and roan specimens are also common, in which one of the colors must always be white. The areas of each color must be clearly defined and properly distributed.
American Cocker Spaniel temperament
These beautiful and caring American Cocker Dogs are very sociable, cheerful and outgoing, so they will love going out for walks and meeting other dogs. That is why we will answer the question How is the temperament of an American Cocker Spaniel ?. On the one hand, describing how his character is and on the other, how he behaves.
Character of the American Cocker Spaniel
The American Cocker Spaniel is a cheerful, simple and sociable dog. It is docile by nature and devoid of any aggressiveness, they are usually very awake and playful dogs, balanced and very affectionate. Its intelligence is above the average of the other canine breeds and it is reasonably obedient. Sometimes he can be quite stubborn, to the point of being funny.
Behavior of the American Cocker Spaniel
The American Cocker Spaniel gets along well with other dogs and pets. He also has a good relationship with children, who must be taught to respect and treat the dog correctly. This is because the American Cocker Spaniel is a dog that will put up with its antics rather than run away or defend itself from them. He barks with the arrival of visitors, whom he receives with great enthusiasm, wagging his tail frantically.
General care in the American Cocker Spaniel
The basic care for an American Cocker is not many apart from the beautiful coat, so we are going to detail in this section How to care for an American Cocker Spaniel. For this we will describe the grooming and hygiene for these dogs, in addition to their easy training and recommended exercise; on the other hand, we will also describe their health and common diseases and how to feed them.
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How and when to brush an American Cocker Spaniel?
One of the most important parts of caring for an American Cocker Spaniel is brushing. In this regard, it must be taken into account that it is necessary to comb and brush our American Cocker every day to prevent the hair from tangling. In addition, it must be taken to a dog groomer, on average every 4 or 6 weeks to have the coat trimmed, since it is important to keep the coat neat and it is not only to conform to the official standard, but also for the general health of the dog. . The ears should be examined frequently and cleaned if necessary, excess hair must also be trimmed around the ear canals and between the pads of the feet. It is essential that the coat is well cared for and brushed, so if you do not have as much time to dedicate to the American Cocker Spaniel or you do not like the idea of being aware of these aspects, you better consider acquiring a dog of a different breed .
How to train an American Cocker Spaniel?
The American Cocker Spaniel is usually an easy dog to obedience train, always keeping in mind that it can sometimes be a bit stubborn. He is sensitive to the inflection of the voice and the environment in the home: he must be trained gently and in turn some firmness. Socialization is important so that it gets along perfectly with smaller dogs and animals of other species. It is usually not very difficult to carry out this process, since the hunting instinct of these dogs has been lost over the years.
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Proper exercise for an American Cocker Spaniel
The American Cocker loves to play and run around; games with the ball or catching objects on the fly are some of his favorite activities, but he can also accompany his master on long walks both in the country and in the city. Although they were originally bred for hunting, they barely retain their hunting instincts today, so once you are well trained and obedient, there is no problem in leaving them loose in the field. If you can get enough exercise and have time to play, it will be quiet indoors and will not cause any damage. In general, an average of one and a half to two hours of exercise per day is recommended on average, this includes both time spent on walks and games.
What does an American Cocker Spaniel eat?
The diet that an American Cocker Spaniel breed should maintain is a balanced and balanced diet. One can choose to give dog food, either dry food or croquettes or homemade food. This will give the American Cocker Spaniel protein and nutrients so that they develop fully and have a beautiful, strong coat of hair. It is always recommended to give 2 servings of food a day in the right proportion. It will be determined by the veterinarian based on the age, weight and amount of exercise the dog performs.
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American Cocker Spaniel health and diseases
While these beautiful breed of Cockers are in good health, they are prone to some diseases that are inherited. The most common are retinal dysplasia and seborrheic dermatitis. However, American Cocker Spaniel can suffer from other complications or less frequent health problems, such as cataracts, hepatitis, glaucoma, hip dysplasia, entropion, among others. Therefore, it is important to carry out medical check-ups with the veterinarian at least once a year to verify that the dog does not suffer from any disease.
How long does an American Cocker Spaniel live?
Luckily American Cocker breed dogs enjoy excellent health, as long as special attention is paid to the essential care that this breed needs. The life expectancy of the American Cocker is between 12 and 15 years approximately. Therefore, it can be inferred that they are a semi-long-lived breed of dogs if they are given a correct diet and see the animal health specialist every so often; to verify that the dog has no problems.
Uses of the American Cocker Spaniel
The American Cocker Spaniel are used on a small scale, for hunting, but most of the American Cocker Spaniel are companion and show dogs. Thanks to their intelligence and agility, they can play a good role in agility tests or catch objects in flight.