The name of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed of dogs briefly comments on the origin of these dogs in an extraordinary and summarized way. They are not actually Spanish dogs, and there is a very interesting story behind these beautiful furry dogs, who have lived very well in royalty. In this article we will answer the question What is a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel like? Starting with its very interesting origin, the physical characteristics and temperament; and also the essential care that must be taken with this breed.
History of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
As we said earlier, the breed of dogs Cavalier King Charles SpanielThey are not from Spain; If not that the conquerors of this country in the 15th century are the ones who brought them there, these dogs were most likely from Chinese areas or from Tibet.
Once they arrived in the beautiful lands of Europe, this is where their ties with royalty begin. This breed of dog was the companion dog of King Charles II of England; That is why his name is "King Charles". There were legends that the king always walked with his two Cavalier dogs; he spent time with his dogs walking or crouching at his feet when he received visitors. The King was so fond of this breed of dog that he allowed all Cavalier King Charlz Spaniel in England to enter any public place, even inside Parliament! They did have a good time!
At the time, the breeders of these dogs crossed with different Pugs, better known as Pugs; to be able to give origin to dogs with a flatter face, a more rounded rear part of the head and quite bulging and round eyes. Around the 20th century to the 1920s, Roswell Eldridge wanted to look for the original Cavaliers, the ones that didn't have all these new features just described; thus achieving the definitive standard of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.
Physical characteristics of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The breed of dogs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel They are beautiful and sweet puppies inside, that is why the FCI classifies them within Group 9: Companion dogs. Section 7: Companion English Spaniels. In addition, they are also incredible to take everywhere because of their size, since they are considered small breed dogs and do not exceed 14 Kilograms.
Cavalier King Charlz Spaniel body
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a lively and graceful dog, which has a sweet expression and complexion on its Body very balanced. The length of its tail is proportionate to that of its body, and it tends to be cut up to a third of its length in the countries where it is allowed, a practice that is not highly recommended as it only has an aesthetic purpose. The tail is carried high, but not too high above the top line. The body is of normal constitution, with straight legs and compact and well dense feet. The neck is moderately long and slightly arched.
Head of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The head of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel it is almost flat between the ears and has a slightly pronounced stop. The lips of this dog are well developed, but are not hanging. Their ears are set high and very bushy. As for the muzzle of this breed, it is approximately 3 cm long and tapers towards the side of the nose. In competitions, it is undesirable for the muzzle to be sharp. The face of these dogs is full below the eyes, which are large, well separated from each other and rounded, but not bulging. Their jaws are strong with full, scissor-shaped teeth.
How tall is a Cavalier King Charlz Spaniel?
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed standard does not provide measurements in this regard, but the average lift of the breed is usually 35 centimeters. As for the males of this breed, they tend to be between 34 centimeters and 36 centimeters tall. On the side of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel females, the stature ranges between 32 centimeters and 34 centimeters.
How Much Does a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog Weigh?
He Cavalier King Charlz Spaniel weight it ranges from 5.4 kilograms to approximately 8 kilograms. If we consider only male specimens, the average weight is between 6.2 kilograms and 8 kilograms and if we consider only female specimens, the average decreases to the range between 5.4 kilograms and 6.8 kilograms.
What is the coat of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel like?
The coat of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is long and silky, in addition to thick and without curl. It should be noted that wavy hair is allowed. It is typical of the breed that its ears, as well as its legs, feet, chest and tail have quite dense hair. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel's coat should not be trimmed.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Colors
There are four types of colors in the Cavalier King Charlz Spaniel. These are the Ruby, in dogs with intense reddish fur. He black and tan, if the predominant color is chestnut black, with tan spots above the eyes, on the cheeks, the inside of the ears, the chest, the legs and under the tail. White spots are undesirable on both ruby and black and tan.
The third type is tricolor where the mantle is made up of black and white with fire spots in the same places as the black and tan type. The last color is the most common of the breed, the BlenheimIt is pearl white in color with brown spots, which must be distributed over the whole body and be symmetrical on the head, widely separated between the ears to give rise to the mark in the shape of a diamond characteristic of the breed. The nose is black in all cases and the eyes are dark.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel temperament
To make a much more understandable definition of the temperament of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, we will deal with two points that are fundamental to describe it correctly. On the one hand, we are going to mention its main characteristics in terms of its character and followed by it, we will define in general terms the behavior of this dog breed.
Character of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The Cavalier King Charlz Spaniel is characterized by its cheerful, sweet and friendly temperament. They are very balanced and calm dogs by nature. In addition, the specimens of this breed are usually charming and intelligent. In general, he is quite obedient and flexible, although at times he can be a bit stubborn. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a dog that naturally likes to chase small prey, so you have to be very careful and carry out a correct socialization process if there are young cats, rabbits, guinea pigs or others in the home. small size pets.
These dogs have a great capacity for adaptation and, although they always enjoy the company of their masters, they are dogs that can adapt to being alone. If in our house, those who live together are to be outside for long periods of time, the puppy will have to be used to this so as not to spend undesirable moments. Unlike other breeds of companion dog, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can get used to being alone in the home for a few hours without crying, making a lot of noise or destroying things inside.
Behavior of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, being a dog with a simple and sociable character, does not usually have problems with dogs. Of course, if they live in the same house with animals smaller than him, as a precaution it is important to subject him to a socialization process since by nature, he tends to chase animals that are smaller than him. His relationship with children is also good. We always have to supervise and also teach the little ones to be treated with respect and affection. Sometimes, they are barking with the arrival of visitors but it is not an animal considered as vigilant and is friendly with everyone.
Basic care for a Cavalier King Charlz Spaniel
There are not many essential cares for the breed of dogs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel live like a king. They are very easy to care for dogs due to their docility. In this section we will discuss How to care for a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel? From their cleanliness and hygiene, such as training and education and exercises; like their diet and health.
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How to brush a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?
The coat of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel should be combed frequently, especially in the area of the chest, the ears and between the legs. The nails of these dogs should be short and the ears clean, as well as the fur on the feet. In times of shedding, although it does not lose much hair, it is recommended to intensify brushing to prevent excess dead hair from accumulating on its body. In general, it is best to brush it once or twice a week during the year and increase to three brushings or brush every other day when it is shedding.
How to train a Cavalier King Charlz Spaniel?
The Cavalier King Charlz Spaniel is a fairly easy dog to train, as it is well-disposed and intelligent enough to quickly understand what is being asked of it. Although he is also smart enough to tease his master sometime, it is best to have the necessary firmness in these cases so that the dog knows how to have a limit and in turn the master has some tolerance and sense of humor . It is a very docile dog and should not be treated harshly, as excessive severity will make it shy and insecure. The best thing is that the treatment is cheerful and that your good behavior is rewarded: be firm and use your voice for best results.
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How to exercise a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is not very demanding in its need for exercise. He is a playful and lively dog, and can accompany his master on walks of several hours, but he knows how to adapt to circumstances if one day he cannot spend enough time on him. He loves to play with the ball, retrieve objects and run loose in the garden or in the field. His demands in terms of exercise are not very high and exercising him or taking him for a walk for an hour a day is more than enough.
Recommended diet for a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Dogs of this breed tend to have some problems with tartar at times and they can also have various health problems; Therefore, we recommend that you give them a good, balanced and highly nutritious diet to avoid these complications as much as possible. Quality is more important than quantity for these dogs, since being small they do not eat much, but it can affect their immune system if they are not given the appropriate dry food or dog food. They can be given 2 to 3 times a day between 100 and 200 grams per day of food or provide 100 grams of meat and 200 grams of rice / legumes. However, the proportion and quantity will be determined by the veterinarian based on the weight, age and physical activity that the dog performs weekly.
On the other hand, it is also important to avoid being overweight, so if the dog stops eating and there are excess croquettes, it is important to remove it to avoid excessive consumption. We must also always provide fresh and clean water, since if they are not in these conditions, these royal dogs will not drink, causing dehydration. Renewing the water every so often is very important for a good diet in these dogs.
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Common Cavalier King Charlz Spaniel Health and Diseases
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel They are dogs that if properly cared for have excellent health and therefore a good quality of life. However, there are some health problems or diseases more frequent in them than in other dogs. The main problem of these small dogs is hereditary and it is the syringomyelia, and it is very painful for these dogs; It is when the skull is very small, for the space that the brain mass needs, and the only treatment for dogs that suffer from this problem at a high level is brain surgery. In addition, these dogs may have some Heart problemssuch as heart failure or a murmur. They may also have eye problems such as nystagmus, retinal dysplasia or microphthalmia. Finally, these little ones can also have hearing problems, such as hearing loss, deafness or external otitis.
To avoid or be alert and aware of all these health problems or complications that this breed has; the most advisable thing is to do routine check-ups and approach the animal health specialist when they notice any irregularity, or every 1 year. In this way to verify that all your senses are in correct condition and have a good functioning.
How long does a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel live?
These beautiful little royal dogs are in good health with minimal care. his life expectancy is between 9 to 15 years of age; so it could be said that they are semi-long-lived if attention is paid to the diet and the necessary exercise. It is advisable to take them to the vet at least 1 time a year to verify that there are no health problems or diseases in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.
Uses of the Cavalier King Charlz Spaniel
Regarding its uses, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a wonderful companion dog for both sporty and dynamic people and for those who are more calm. With good supervision, you can participate in sports such as agility, obedience, or catching on the fly.