Bull terrier

History:

The ancestors of the English Bull Terrier were dogs used in the fight against bulls or other large animals (bears, badgers, horses and even lions). At the beginning of the 19th century (more specifically in the year 1835), these fights were prohibited, but new ones arose between dogs in illegality. Lighter dogs were then sought that could fight each other without losing strength and endurance. The Bull & Terriers were then crossed with the Bulldog, giving rise to a new race.

As early as 1850, in England, James Hinks standardized the Bull Terrier breed, by crossing these specimens with other breeds such as the extinct White English Terrier and the Dalmatian. They began to be called "white knights", because of their mantle, but they were not the same way we know them today. Its egg-shaped head, which is characteristic of this breed, was later obtained by crossing the Bull Terrier with other breeds that are unknown.

In 1887 the first official club of this breed was created and just one year later the first official breed standard was published. In turn, the first specimen with an egg-shaped head was unveiled at the beginning of the 20th century. At present this breed stands out as a companion dog, it enjoys a good popularity in most of the world, although in some countries it has been declared as "a potentially dangerous breed".

The Miniature Bull Terrier emerged later by crossing copies of this breed with other unknown ones, according to the FCI (International Cynological Federation) it is the same breed, although they are not judged together in competitions, nor should they be crossed.

Character and temperament of the Bull Terrier:

The specimens of this breed have a reputation for being violent, reckless and dangerous. But there is nothing further from the truth, these dogs have a very balanced temperament, they are extremely faithful and affectionate with their families. They are stubborn, so a good education is necessary at an early age so that they get used to following orders without reason. On the other hand, it must be clarified that it is a breed that does not tolerate being alone for long periods of time, being able to cause great damage if it feels abandoned or neglected.

They have a very brave character, they will face any threat that may arise. They are also great guardians, although they do not bark often. They are very happy and playful, they will have no qualms about playing with children, but we must be careful that our children know how to treat dogs, since a blow or a strong pull of the ears can lead to a tragedy.

If we talk about his treatment with other pets, we must know that everything will depend on the education he has been given since childhood. The English Bull Terrier has a very high level of testosterone and is also extremely protective, so it can be difficult to socialize with other dogs if it was not educated in the correct way.

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Physical characteristics:

Without a doubt, the first thing that stands out in this breed is the peculiar shape of its head, with its "egg" shape, slightly inclined downwards when viewed in profile. They have dark-colored triangle-shaped eyes, a flat forehead, and small ears, set close together.

His body is completely muscular, robust and compact .; His strength and powerful jaw stand out, giving him a "scissor" bite. His neck is long, strong and muscular. Its tail is thick at the base, but tapers towards the tip, carried horizontally. As for his mantle, it is short, fine and rough; White, spotted or brindle colors (tricolor, black, red) are accepted.

The weight of the breed is not specified in the standards, but it ranges between 25 kg and 30 kg on average, although there are cases of some specimens that exceed it. Its height at the withers ranges from 55 cm to 60 cm for males, the female being slightly smaller. The life expectancy of Bull Terriers varies between 10 and 14 years, being a fairly long-lived breed.

Pictures of the Bull Terrier:


Health:

It is a breed with a good standard of health, they are very resistant and almost do not suffer from diseases. Below we will detail some of the problems that your Bull Terrier may suffer:

Deafness:

Undoubtedly the main disease of Bull Terriers, it especially affects white dogs and the miniature variety. Deafness (partial or total) affects approximately 20% of white specimens, but only a tenth (ie 2%) of colored specimens.

It must be taken into account that deafness can be hereditary or acquired, the latter being less frequent. It is advisable to take the BAER test from 6 weeks of age of the puppy to know for sure if your friend suffers or not from this disease.

Skin problems:

LAD (lethal acrodermatitis) is hereditary and is unique to this breed. It slows down the puppy's growth and can kill the dog before he is 2 years old.

Recently, a group of researchers discovered that this disease is due to a gene linked to the Muskeln 1 protein, which is responsible for messenger ribonucleic acid. Thanks to this, it is currently possible to know if a Bull Terrier is a carrier or not of this disease from birth with just a blood sample.

Allergies are another of the ills that afflict this breed, although it is not often that this happens regularly. What is normal is that Bull Terriers get calluses in the elbow area and on the hocks of the legs, so it is recommended to make them sleep on a soft bed to alleviate this problem.

Kidney conditions:

Hereditary glomerulonephritis and polycystic kidney (also known as PKD), are the 2 main kidney conditions of Bull Terriers. Both are difficult to detect and can lead to kidney failure, there is a test called UPC that can help to know if our dog is prone to these diseases.

Food and recommended diet:

The Bull Terrier tends to have a voracious appetite, so you should control their diet and exercise very well so they do not have overweight problems. We recommend a high quality feed, especially rich in protein. In addition, you should control its intake, which we recommend is a moderate but frequent amount.

In their old age, it is highly recommended to offer them a "senior" feed or the equivalent for adult dogs that no longer move so much and become more delicate (especially in terms of respiration). Finally, it is extremely important that the Bull Terrier never lacks water, since they tend to get hot easily and need it permanently.  

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Required exercise:

Our beloved Bull Terriers need a lot of exercise to expend their high quota of energy. But be careful, over-exercising them as puppies can be detrimental to their health and growth.

We recommend at least 2 long walks a day and, if possible, 1 or 2 days a week taking him to a park or other outdoor place where he can run and exercise more. It is important to bear in mind that in many countries it is considered a potentially dangerous breed, so it is always necessary to carry it on a leash and muzzle in these territories.  

Cleanliness:

It is a breed that does not require great care so that its coat and body in general show optimal health. A weekly brushing will suffice to remove dead hair and a bath when it is really dirty or, failing that, every approximately 2 months. You always have to use a specialized shampoo for dogs, otherwise it is possible that they will get skin allergies.

You have to pay special attention to your ears and ears which should always be clean to avoid infections and other complications.  

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We recommend this aloe vera shampoo that is usually the most effective for the delicate skin of the Bull Terrier. We also leave you a brush and a nail clipper, both of excellent quality and totally suitable for the Bull Terrier.


Pictures of Bull Terrier puppies:

12 thoughts on “Bull Terrier”

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