Vizsla breed dogs are also known as Hungarian Braco. This handsome and slender dog has been used for hunting, but also as a companion dog; However, then they gave him something else for his life, to be a beautiful pointer. In this article you will find everything to answer the question What is a Vizsla like? Starting with a brief history of the breed, the physical characteristics and temperament. On the other hand, we will discuss the essential care for this breed, the recommended diet and health issues such as frequent diseases or life expectancy.
Origin of the Vizsla:
The Vizsla, also known as the Hungarian Braco, is a hunting dog that has been known since the 14th century, proving that it is one of the oldest breeds.
It comes from Hungary, being the national dog of this country. Its name derives from a word that in its country means "pointer", because its nose is excellent for sniffing prey.
Their ancestors were the Pannonian hounds, they were animals of the Magyar tribes in the 8th century approximately.
Throughout history, the Vizsla came close to extinction, especially when the Germans took Hungary during World War II. This and the preferences of the time for other short-haired dogs, greatly reduced the number of copies of this breed. Fortunately, he managed to survive and from 1950 his quality of life returned to normal. Today it is a dog that enjoys a good popularity throughout the world.
Physical characteristics of the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer
The Hungarian Shorthair Pointer breed dogs are very gentle and extremely affectionate, in addition to their bearing and beautiful physique the FCI classifies them within Group 7: Pointing Dogs. Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. On the other hand, it is a dog that is right on the border between a medium breed and one big, however we classify it as a medium dog.
Body of the Hungarian Shorthair Pointer
It is a breed prepared for hunting, this makes their bodies well muscled but without ceasing to be light. It is longer than it is tall, with a straight and steady sword. His wide and deep chest gives him that impression of an athletic, strong and fast dog. Its tail tends to be wider at the beginning and tapers slightly towards the tip of the tail; it is also low set and so long that it can reach the hock. However, when the dog is in a fairly active movement, it can only be raised to horizontal.
Head of the Hungarian Pointer with short hair
Vizsla breed dogs have a wide and slightly domed skull, and they also have a small groove in their stop. These canines have to have the tone of their nose slightly darker than their coat matching perfectly. Its muzzle tends to be blunt, that is, it has a square ending, making its nasal bridge quite straight. On the other hand, their eyes are of regular size, they present a lively look, having a medium size and oval. Their ears are large, thin and fall to the side of the head.
The coat of the Hungarian Pointer is hard and short but thick, rust brown in color. Their hair covers their entire body, but they do not have a double coat or fluff in between. The lips as well as the eyelid contour are of a brown tone similar to that of her hair.
Colors of the Hungarian Pointer with short hair
The Hungarian Shorthair Pointer are dogs in which the color characterizes them; In general, as we already said, they are of an oxide color, but there may also be some variants of the seed yellow tone. Small white spots on the fingers or a small patch of white hairs on the chest is undesirable; however they are accepted.
How much does a vizsla weigh?
Dogs of this breed have a weight that ranges between 18 Kilograms and 30 Kilograms approximately. However, the females weigh between 18 kg and 25 kg; while the weight of the males is between 20 kg and 27 kg.
How tall is a Hungarian Shorthair Pointer?
The Vizsla has a height at the withers that varies between 57 cm and 63 cm for males. While for females it ranges between 53 cm and 59 cm. Anyway, there may be a few centimeters more or less depending on the adult specimen.
Temperament and personality of the Hungarian Pointer with short hair
The Vizsla is a very affectionate, gentle and loyal dog, but also very energetic but quite silent. In this section we will detail how the Hungarian Pointer's temperament is in terms of its character and how it behaves.
Character of the Vizsla
These dogs are very intelligent, they are very quiet due to their relationship with hunting and also very intelligent. They love activity so keep them busy or take walks with the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer. They are excellent watchdogs but they are not very barking; however, they are not distrustful of strangers, unless they feel threatened. They tend to feel anxious at times and are fearful of loud noises. Living in an apartment is not one of the best options for the changing character of these dogs. The best thing is that they can have a small garden or walks to de-stress.
Behavior of the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer
The Vizsla is a dog that forms very strong bonds with its human families, dedicating itself completely to them. It is normal to see this dog following a member of its family all the time. For this reason, it is not advisable to leave it alone for a long time because it gets very nervous and can bite and break things.
The Vizsla is considered a watchdog, which means that it has good eyesight and a great sense of smell, this makes it a great hunter. This hunting instinct is innate, so it is not recommended to have pets such as birds or rodents in the house.
If he is socialized from a young age, he will have no problem living with other dogs or even cats. Most of the specimens of this breed are afraid of lightning, so it is not advisable to leave them alone if an electrical storm is approaching. To avoid this or any unwanted behavior, we leave you this note that deals with top 10 dog toys, where they will find chew toys that will de-stress them.
General care of the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer
The easiest care for Braco Vizsla breed dogs is their coat, because it is short hair and without many complications. However, there are other essential cares for this breed such as its diet or the amount of exercise. In this section we will detail what are the necessary care for the Vizslas.
Grooming and hygiene of the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer
The Vizsla dog requires minimal grooming care, a weekly brushing will suffice to remove dead hair, and it will give its coat a good condition. We recommend not bathing it so often, or only when it is dirty. For example, it only needs two to three baths a year (if it is very dirty, you can bathe it earlier). An important point to highlight is to check the cleanliness of their ears, since they do not ventilate well due to the drooping ears that this breed presents. The Hungarian Pointing Dog usually loses hair quite regularly, however they are not dogs that can have the typical "dog smell" even if they are wet.
Recommended exercise in the Vizslas
For his good physical and mental health, this dog needs activity, whether it is going for a walk, playing or hunting, he will enjoy any of these actions. And above all things, company, since they are very affectionate dogs, and the lack of contact with their owners feels terrible.
To have a Hungarian Pointer, is to know that its energy level is high, and it needs to unload it yes or yes. Both physical and mental. You have to take into account its history and past, since being a hunting and retriever dog they need a lot of physical activity. We recommend at least 2 walks per day, although if you offer more, the dog will gladly accept. In addition, the intelligence games for the Vizsla will drive you crazy with happiness. For walks and training, we leave you this article where you will find the best variety and the best offers of dog collars.
After so much exercise it is always recommended that they can rest to regain all the energy that these precious dogs have. In this article you will find the best offers in beds for dogs Y kennels for dogs.
Training or education for the Hungarian Pointer with short hair
The Vizsla or Hungarian Braco breed dogs, although they are very affectionate and charming, are quite protective in terms of their owners and their territories. So the most difficult task will be that it is not a dog that only responds to one person. That is why we always recommend that from puppies a correct socialization can be done, either with other people or with other animals. A Hungarian Pointer that is socialized will be very charming either with children, the elderly, adults, but also with cats and other dogs. A well-behaved Vizsla makes an excellent companion dog.
While they are dogs that are used to being guard dogs and protecting their family and territory and hunting dogs; They are very sensitive dogs, they do not like to be alone, and they do not take punishment very well. For this reason, positive training is better than traditional training. A good option in addition to the prizes or snacks for when you do a good deed, is the clicker training. Which will emit a sound when the dog has done the task correctly; these types of systems make the dog learn faster and give excellent results. In this article we leave you the best dog snacks for when they need to do training tasks or teach your Wirehaired Vizsla tricks and things.
Food and diet of the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer
The diet of these dogs must contain a good amount of protein and nutrients, since it is a very active breed of dog. It is important not to overfeed the Vizsla, as it is a dog prone to obesity. We recommend offering him between 2 and 3 servings of food a day and not offering him food for humans. However, it is important to clarify that the amount of food to provide the dog should be indicated by a veterinarian based on age, weight and amount of activity. In this article you will find different types of feeders and drinkers for dogs with many offers.
As we mentioned earlier, we recommend giving them dog food and not game food, in this way the digestion in the dog will be better. In this article you will find many offers of dry food for dogs, or if you prefer the I think wet.
Common health and diseases in the Hungarian Pointer:
First of all, we are talking about a very healthy breed of dog, although it can suffer from some diseases (especially hereditary). Next, we will review the most common in this breed. However, it is important to note that it is always advisable to do a follow-up or routine check-ups at least once a year with the veterinarian. In this way we can avoid or catch these health problems in time.
Progressive retinal dystrophy:
It is a hereditary disease that alters the function of the retina, causing progressive loss of vision.
It is a hereditary disease, it occurs when the puppy is between 4 and 8 months old. Basically the dog has a larger jaw than usual, which causes pain and makes feeding difficult.
When the puppy reaches one year of age, the jaw usually stops growing, the veterinarian will have to carry out studies on the dog to see how to act. In some cases it can be solved with surgery, but there are also cases in which the dog will need a gastrostomy tube for the rest of its life.
It is an inherited bleeding disorder, which prevents the blood from clotting properly.
It is developed in most cases by a hereditary malformation. When this problem appears, what happens is a displacement of the hip that tends to cause intense pain and lameness in the animal. Dogs that are affected by this disease tend to have difficulty performing common activities such as walking, running, jumping, climbing a ladder, and even lying down or sitting down. In more advanced cases or those that have not been treated, dysplasia can completely incapacitate the animal.
These are seizures caused by a neurological disorder. It is important that your veterinarian can analyze it to know why these seizures are caused.
How long does a Vizsla live?
As previously mentioned, Hungarian Pointer or Vizsla Pointer dogs are in good health, however they can have some hereditary problems. However, these dogs have a fairly long life expectancy and can reach 15 years of life in some specimens. It is also important to always give basic care to these dogs so that they can have a dignified and happy life.
Uses of the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer breed
Vizslas dogs were from the beginning hunters and gatherers thanks to the fact that they are a dog with a very heightened sense of smell; among some other characteristics such as its physical bearing for this type of activity. Although he loves doing things and going for walks, some activity may not tempt him; however, leaving it loose and letting him play alone or run for a while is going to delight him. They are dogs that love to swim and retrieve or search for objects. Although he was not trained for this, the Hungarian Braco many times do an excellent job in obedience tests or tournaments.