The Boyero de Flandes breed of dogs is a dog that has this name for its city of origin. It is also known as bouvier des Flandres and toucheur de boeuf in French, and in Flemish it would be Vlaamse koehond and vuilbaard. These dogs were excellent herding dogs, but were used as guard dogs for their protective, loyal, and gentle instincts. They are very familiar and highly intelligent dogs. In the following article, we are going to answer in its entirety the question What is the Boyero de Flandes like? For this we divide it into sections so that you can better understand its history, its physical characteristics, such as its temperament and how it behaves, the basic care in case you want to have one or already have it and are looking for information on how to take care of a Boyero Flanders. Also, at the end of the article you will find a curious fact about the breed.
History and origin of the Boyero de Flandes
Throughout Belgium we could find different local varieties of Boyeros, but because of the First World War most of them have disappeared (for example, the Paret Boyero).
To this day we can find two varieties, the Ardennes Boyero and the Flanders Boyero, the latter being more popular, also known as Bouvier des Flandres. The adaptability of the breed helped its survival, since among other tasks, it served as a messenger during the war.
Although its origins are unknown, one of the most accepted theories is that it descends from crosses of the Giant Schnauzer and the Beauceron.
Physical characteristics of the Boyero de Flandes
This beautiful breed of dog according to the FCI is classified within Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). Section 2: Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). In addition, this dog can be included in the category of large breeds of dogs when it exceeds 30 Kilograms.
Body of the Flemish Boyero
The Boyero de Flandes has a short and robust body, with well arched front ribs and rear ribs drawn back. The back of these dogs is broad, short and quite muscular, as is their back. The rump of these animals is also wide and is aligned with the back. In some countries, where it is allowed, two or three vertebrae are cut from the tail, so that it is aligned with the back and is carried high. We do not recommend this action because it can lead to several long-term problems in these boyeros. The Flanders Boyero's chest reaches the elbows that remain close to the body. As for the legs they are straight and parallel, they have firm and very strong bones, short, round feet and also solid and strong. His fingers are compact. The neck of these dogs is, like the rest of their body, quite strong and muscular and has a small arch. The length is slightly less than that of his head.
Head of a Flemish Boyero
Although the head seems very large, it is not so large. These boyeros have a flat and well developed skull, a little longer than it is wide and parallel to their straight nasal bridge. The skull is barely larger than their muzzle, they have a poorly defined stop and flat cheeks. Their ears are set high, triangular in shape, very wide at their base and with a semi-rounded ending. They are presented hanging and attached to his skull. The eyes are elongated, oval in shape and their teeth are scissor-shaped or pincer-shaped.
How tall is a Flanders Mountain Dog?
The height of the Flanders Cattlemen varies between 62 centimeters and 68 centimeters in males and between 59 and 65 centimeters in females. The height that is considered ideal for this breed of dog is between 62 centimeters and 65 centimeters.
How much does a Flemish Boyero weigh?
As for the weight of these dogs, it ranges between 30 kilograms and 40 kilograms for males and between 27 kilograms and 35 kilograms for females. Anyway, the ideal weight for a male Flanders Mountain Dog is between 32 Kilograms and 39 Kilograms; while for a female it is between 29 Kilograms and 32 Kilograms.
Fur of the Flanders Mountain Dog
The coat of the Flanders Mountain Dog is very beautiful and abundant and is characterized mainly by being lackluster, dry and waterproof. To the touch it is a rough hair that measures approximately 6 centimeters, it is not excessively matted and it is quite thick. In the area of the skull, the hair is shorter, except in the area of the beard, mustache and eyebrows. You have to control the length in these areas as the beard tends to get dirty frequently and in the eye area it can take away vision.
Colors of the Boyero de Flandes
The accepted tones for the Bouvier de Flanders breed are black, grayish and fawn or gray with spots. Black is the least accepted among experts. Sometimes it can have light coats but they are not very accepted, mainly in competitions, the nose is always black and the eyes are dark.
Flanders Mountain Dog temperament
Regarding the temperament that Flanders Cattle Dogs have, they are intelligent, very protective and gentle, so they are excellent dogs for a family. In order to better understand what a Flemish Boyero is like, we divided into two sections such as their character and temperament.
What is the character of a Flemish Boyero?
It is a dog that is very loyal and attached to its own. He is always ready to help and attentive to those around him. He is a very good watchman, very guardian who is usually calm and balanced. Always respond positively to all kinds of impressions. He is sober, resistant and restless when he is a puppy.
How do the Flanders Boyeros behave?
Flanders Cattlemen are very sociable when it comes to their behavior. It depends on its socialization process so that it can coexist perfectly with other animals, both dogs and other pets of other species. They get along great with children who are tolerant of everything and will even defend if deemed necessary. With people he does not know, he maintains a lot of distance and even becomes a little distrustful. They always have their family at the top of their priorities and will put it above all else.
General care of the Flemish Boyero dog breed
Although it is a dog that does not need much basic care, one of the most important in addition to a good diet and adequate exercise, is the care of its coat. In this section you will also find how to train these dogs, their health, some possible diseases and the life expectancy of this dog.
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Grooming and hair care for the Flanders Mountain Dog
As the coat of the Flanders Boyero is special and delicate, in this section we divide it into 3 parts to dedicate the necessary space to bathing the dog, brushing it and a plus which is the care of the dog's ears and nails.
Bath or wash
It is not recommended to give the animal very frequent baths because it damages the outer layer of its coat. The beautiful and large cloak that he has does not support such long or frequent baths. One way to avoid this is to use a Vitalizing Shampoo, in this way it will give the dog the necessary hair volume; and to prevent too much hair from flying, you can use an antistatic.
If you have a Flemish Boyero breed dog that competes in beauty shows, it is not a good idea to bathe it the same day; We recommend bathing a few days before so that the coat molds itself correctly in a natural way and without frizz; this way you will be presentable and amazing for the contest.
The hair of these boyeros grows too fast so it is necessary to cut and tidy their coat between two and three times a year. When it is in the molting season, its hair tends to get caught in its own mantle which means that we will not see many traces of hair in the house but it will require daily brushing to extract those dead hairs from its body. Coming out of the shedding season, brushing is recommended once a week to remove dead hair and prevent knots from forming and take care that hair does not grow too much in the area of your eyes as it takes away vision and can bring you to future problems in your eyes and sight. In exhibitions, great care is always taken with brushing.
Ears and nails
It is also important to control the ears, that the ear canal always remains clean and the nails short, since they can cause problems in the spine by not stepping correctly. One way to wear your nails is taking it for a walk on the sidewalk, in this way the friction between the nail and the pavement works as if it were a perfect file; otherwise they can take him to the vet to have his nails trimmed when they hear they are long.
How to train and educate a Flanders Mountain Dog?
It is not one of the most intelligent breeds but it will not present many problems. In many of the orders it may take longer to understand them but you are very willing and willing to learn. If you have firmness, patience and affection, added to the closeness that this dog has with its master, they do not usually present problems in training. It is recommended to always maintain control during this process without being too harsh and it is a dog that is not ideal but it is suitable for those who are beginners in terms of keeping dogs.
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How to exercise a Flemish Boyero?
These dogs fit just as well with dynamic and athletic families as they do with those that are more sedentary. As for exercise, the Flanders Mountain Dog is a dog that can walk and stay active and moving for many hours if its master requires it, they have remarkable resistance. In turn, they are dogs that enjoy being in the company of their own and will have no problem lying down for a long time if you have a loved one close to you. They are dogs that love to swim, run, play and walk. They are not curious and tend not to go much further from the territory they know, they always remain close to their master even if they are not on a leash. They are dogs that, thanks to their fur, perfectly tolerate weather adversities and can sleep outside or inside without any problem. What you have to be careful with is the attention you give to them. They may feel neglected or neglected if they are made to sleep outside and not given proper treatment during the day.
Food for a Flemish Boyero
Being a breed of good size, it must be taken into account that they consume a large amount of food. It must be rich in protein to maintain its health in optimal condition and a good coat. In addition, a feed with a higher amount of fat is recommended if they live in a very cold area. In any case, it is important to go to the vet so that they can mention exactly how much dog food to give and how many times a day; it will be determined by the size of the dog, its age and the physical activity it performs.
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Common health and diseases of the Flanders Mountain Dog
These large dogs are in good health, however like any other dog they are prone to certain health problems or diseases. Some of them are hip dysplasia, this problem is common in dogs of these sizes due to their weight, so in case you hear that they complain or have an impediment to perform any movement, we advise them to approach their specialist in animal health; On the other hand, the Flemish Boyero is prone to cataracts, so making visits to the vet at least once a year to check the health of the dog is one of the ways to prevent or catch this frequent problem in time.
How long does a Flemish Boyero live?
As previously mentioned, it is a breed that enjoys good health, with a life expectancy that ranges from 10 to 13 years. In any case, there are some specimens that have shown to be able to live longer thanks to the basic care that their owners gave them.
Uses of the Flemish Boyero dog breed
It can perform in many tasks and perform different canine sports such as advanced obedience tests or training of hunting and / or rescue dogs. He also makes an excellent family dog and a terrific guard dog.
Curiosities of the Flemish Boyero breed
Transfer from the farm
This breed began to participate in dog shows before the First World War and, to this day, is a common participant in the most prominent shows around the world. Its beautiful facial features, which include bushy eyebrows, a mustache and a long-haired beard, make this breed very attractive. This, added to their versatility to carry out various tasks, made the Flanders Cattlemen reach many families as pets. They are currently very popular in various parts of the world.