Although they look like wolves and can give us the feeling that they are aggressive dogs, Alaskan Malamute dogs are the most cheerful and affectionate that we can imagine. In this note we will tell you all about the Alaskan Malamute, also known as the Alaskan Malamute, one of the dogs that most resembles wolves and is most confused with it. Siberian Husky.
Alaskan Malamute History
This beautiful breed of dog is native to the Arctic and is one of the oldest breeds of sled dogs. It is a breed so similar to the wolf that it grabs people's attention right away. This is because the Arctic Wolf is considered one of the ancestors of this race.
The Alaskan Malamute was one of the dogs with which the Mahle people pulled their sled to transport themselves between the snowfalls from one place to another, however they were also dogs that helped hunt prey.
Over the years, the way of transporting themselves in the Arctic and the snow was changing, with what these dogs were losing their trade. However, these dogs are still used by residents of Alaska and other similar places and even in some places for tourism.
What does Malamute mean?
There is a theory about its name, and it is estimated that it comes from the words "Mahle muit" which translated would be "people of the Mahle" and its arctic origin. Finally the phonetics and English speech would end up giving the name of Alaskan Malamute to this breed so similar to wolves.
Physical characteristics of the Alaskan Malamute
The Alaskan Malamute is a dog that belongs to group 5 of the FCI classification, Spitz-type and primitive-type dogs, Section 1, Nordic sled dogs. At the same time, according to the classification of dog breeds by size, the Alaskan Malamute makes up the group of large dog breeds. Next we will mention its main physical characteristics.
What is the body of an Alaskan Malamute like?
The body of an Alaskan Malamute is compact and powerful, with heavy bones and strong muscles. The back of these dogs is straight and descends gently from the shoulders to the hips. They have muscular loins and their tail is set at the level of the upper line and above the line of the back as if it were a wavy feather, not curled or hanging. The Alaskan Malamute's chest is deep and they have straight, muscular legs with heavy bones and compact feet. Slightly arched strong neck.
Characteristics of the head of the Alaskan Malamute
The head of the Alaskan Malamute is wide and powerful, they have a wide skull between the ears that gradually tapers towards the eyes. The muzzle of these dogs is large and like their skull, it also tapers towards the nose, it is neither very full nor very angular. The Alaskan Malamute's ears are set high, pointed and comparatively small, erect and forward when the dog is alert. The eyes are almond-shaped, moderately large and set obliquely. His teeth are always scissor-shaped.
Alaskan Malamute size
The ideal height or size of the Alaskan Malamute is 63.5 centimeters in the male and 58.5 centimeters in the female. Adult female Alaskan Malamutes have an average height of between 56 centimeters and 61 centimeters. On the other hand, the adult male of this breed has a size that ranges between 61 centimeters and 66 centimeters.
Alaskan Malamute Weight
The average weight of an adult male Alaskan Malamute is between 36 kilograms and 43 kilograms. Being its that ideal of approximately 38 kilograms. In contrast, the average weight in an adult female of this breed ranges between 32 kilograms and 38 kilograms. The ideal weight in females is 34 kilograms.
What is the coat of the Alaskan Malamute like?
The Alaskan Malamute's coat is thick and double-layered. The top coat is rough and thick, the inside is greasy, thick and woolly hair. When summer arrives and temperatures rise, their coat is clearly shorter and less dense than during the rest of the year. It should be clarified that one of the characteristics of its coat is that it is waterproof. This allows it to adapt to adverse climates and remarkably low temperatures.
How to care for the hair of an Alaskan Malamute?
Believe it or not, this breed, despite its beautiful coat, does not need so much care when it comes to hair. It is not a dog that needs too many baths in such a short time, so the frequency of bathing is low; However, it must be taken into account that brushing is necessary and in this case as daily as possible.
They are a breed of dog that can lose a lot of hair to the weather, so consider brushing an Alaskan Malamute twice a day. A good brush to perform this custom can be soft and long bristles.
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What colors can an Alaskan Malamute's coat have?
The colors that are allowed in the Alaskan Malamute are all those colors that go from light gray to black, always with white spots on the belly and legs. It is always required that they have a white mask and cap, and a white patch on the neck or a ruff can be allowed. All-white coats are also allowed on Alaskan Malamutes, although they are rare. One particularity is that there are specimens of brown mantle, although it is a color that is not recognized in all countries. The Alaskan Malamute's eyes are always brown.
Alaskan Malamute temperament
The Alaskan Malamute has a remarkable temperament. It is not a dog that goes unnoticed easily. Below we will detail all the main characteristics of the Alaskan Malamute's temperament divided into two parts. On the one hand we will mention the details of the character of this breed and finally we will characterize the behavior of these dogs.
Character of the Alaskan Malamute
To begin to detail the character of the Alaskan Malamute, we must start by indicating that it is a very intelligent, super friendly and noble breed. In turn, the Alaskan Malamute are independent dogs and loyal to their master and family. These animals have a peculiarity and that is that they are very determined and in some cases they can even become dominant with other dogs. Especially the male. It is not a servile dog at all, it is normally a very sure of itself, balanced and serious dog. They have a noticeable level of physical resistance and at the same time perfectly withstand bad weather and low temperatures. He can adapt to living outside in a kennel or doghouse, as long as he maintains close contact with the family for the rest of the day. Keep in mind the last thing we mentioned because they are dogs that do not like to be alone.
How does an Alaskan Malamute behave?
Generally speaking, the behavior of the Alaskan Malamute is good. These dogs tend to get along well with children, and they tend to be friendly with just about anyone. This is one of the reasons they are not recommended to be used as watchdogs. They can be dominant with other dogs of the same sex, although it is not something that always happens, especially if the love of their family controls or represses this tendency to dominate from puppyhood. Due to his hunting instinct, he does not usually have a good relationship and coexistence with cats. If you have not lived with them from a very young age, it is almost a fact that they get along badly, if they have lived together since they were little they will get used to it. It is highly recommended that Alaskan Malamutes carry out a proper socialization process with all types of animals to avoid these problems. When we refer to all types of animals, we clearly refer to the animals with which it is estimated that they may have to share a space at some point.
General care of an Alaskan Malamute
In this section we focus on mentioning the main care that must be taken into account when deciding to adopt an Alaskan Malamute dog. We will deal with issues about their feeding, their grooming and brushing, the training process, possible diseases of the breed, life expectancy and exercise.
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How to properly brush my Alaskan Malamute?
The Alaskan Malamute is a dog that has a thick and quite long coat, which is why it is essential that we brush it frequently. His coat does not require much care but it does need to be treated frequently. Dirt and mud can simply be removed with a brush. What we must bear in mind is that these dogs suffer from a lot of hair loss, especially in spring and autumn. Brushing is recommended between one and two times a week in winter and summer and between 2 and 4 times a week when it is in the shedding season.
How to maintain proper hygiene in my Alaskan Malamute?
As we have already mentioned, the Alaskan Malamute is a dog that supports and resists very cold temperatures very well, but in summer seasons high temperatures must be taken into account. It is convenient to bathe them with cold or warm water in these times, as it is also convenient in times of shedding of hair to give them baths with warm water that control and reduce the loss of the animal's hair. When the Alaskan Malamute is given a water bath, be careful not to get water in its ears.
When we give our Alaskan Malamute a bath, it is very useful to start by wetting its body little by little with warm water so that the dog accepts the bath. Once the dog is calm and does not struggle to leave, the hair of its coat should be opened so that the water penetrates that thick coat until it reaches its skin. This can take a while and is because the coat of the Alaskan Malamutes has a natural fat that fulfills the function of protecting the dog from moisture. The head of the Malamute, it is recommended to leave it for the end of the toilet since it is what worries them the most.
How to train an Alaskan Malamute?
Although Alaskan Malamutes have a friendly nature, it is necessary to have a firm hand in the process of training these dogs, they need strict control and we will tell you why. A calm and balanced master, physically strong and with natural authority is the most suitable master to handle the dogs of this breed. They will get your Alaskan Malamute to not only be obedient, but to quickly learn many of your commands. The exercises should be entertaining, because if they are too monotonous, the Alaskan may refuse to do them, mainly out of boredom. It is very important to put emphasis on the order so that it comes to the call of the master and it is possible in the future to take him out for walks without a leash and with greater freedom. He likes to eat a lot, so we can use as an incentive, reward his obedience with food to achieve the best results. Good socialization, which should start with the breeder, is beneficial for the development of his character and for his tolerance with other species of animals.
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How much exercise is recommended for an Alaskan Malamute?
Perhaps one of the most important aspects to take into account of the Alaskan Malamute, in addition to being accompanied and cared for by his family, is the large amount of exercise that these dogs need. If we do not have at least an hour a day to dedicate to our pet to be able to take it out for a run or a good walk, we should consider choosing another breed. Alaskan Malamutes require an hour and a half or two of daily exercise, this would be ideal. Or have a spacious field where the dog can burn his energy on his own. Bear in mind that if we take it for a walk without a leash, we must be completely sure that the Alaskan is well trained and will come to our call. Otherwise it could face other dogs, especially if we talk about males.
Feeding an Alaskan Malamute
Feeding an Alaskan Malamute dog correctly gives it the strength, vitamins and proteins necessary for a dog of this size and bearing to grow and develop perfectly. Next we will give you the answers to the most frequent questions regarding the nutritional care or diet of this magnificent breed.
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How to feed an Alaskan Malamute puppy?
For an Alaskan Malamute puppy to develop an excellent bone structure, good musculature and a beautiful coat, it is essential to take certain points into account, otherwise it could end up with obesity problems or digestive problems.
Around 8 weeks of age is when the mother's milk is cut that gives it all the proteins and vitamins it needs for its growth; so you have to be sure that it has been weaned in order to make the change towards balanced food or feed.
The ideal way to make the change is to do it in a progressive way, as with all dog breeds, for a short time soaking the balanced food in milk or warm water to soften it. Anyway remember to do this step for a short time since otherwise you will not allow it to strengthen your teeth.
How many meals to feed your Alaskan Malamure puppy?
For an Alaskan Malamute dog to have a healthy and healthy growth, it must be given several meals:
For the first 2 to 6 months of age, it is important to give 3 to 4 smaller meals a day. However, when it reaches the first year of age and from then on it begins to be given only 2 times a day with larger portions. In any case, take into account the advice of a veterinarian from time to time to give him a correct diet and the amount necessary to avoid stomach problems.
Homemade food for an Alaskan Malamute puppy
The food made by people is a set of foods such as chicken, meat, vegetables, fish, among other products. They are foods that you can prepare with food that you have in the refrigerator, canned or leftovers that are in your refrigerator. However, it is necessary to take into account which are the products that dogs cannot consume.
Homemade diet benefits for an Alaskan Malamute puppy
There is a great diversity of healthy foods to give to dogs of this breed, they can even be very healthy and meet all the needs of their growth. For this, it must be quality food and with the precise quantities.
The best of all the advantages is that you know exactly what your puppy eats, since with the balanced food they can have many additives and extra components.
For an easy division of the food, a third part can be added fish or meat, another third of vegetables and finally a third of rice. In any case, do not forget calcium, vitamins and other minerals, these can be easily added to the diet with tablets or special powders. This is always important to know how to divide the amount in each serving based on the age and weight of your dog.
Disadvantages of the homemade diet for an Alaskan Malamute puppy
In the event that the idea is to give you leftovers or a meal prepared by you, it is most likely that you are not giving the correct portion of quantity to have a good growth. Another important point is that it is balanced, possibly preparing homemade food for the dog is varied; but if this does not have a certain balance, the basic food needs will not be satisfied. It is quite difficult to make this balance of proteins, fatty acids, cereals, vitamins, fats, carbohydrates and minerals in meals. As the last negative in terms of giving home-made food to dogs, is that later if one day you want to pass the diet to feed or balanced food, it is that he will not tolerate it and will have certain stomach problems causing vomiting.
One way to solve the latter is to give it a mixed diet, where hunting food and feed or dog food are combined, in any case it is difficult to balance and ration.
Possible diseases of the Alaskan Malamute
The Alaskan Malamute, like most dog breeds, is not exempt from contracting diseases and because of its breed alone it is more prone than other dogs to contracting some in particular. Next we will mention which are the most common diseases that can occur in our Alaskan Malamute.
- Blood clotting disorders
- Hip dysplasia
- Eye problems
- Heat stroke
- Renal insufficiency
Life expectancy of an Alaskan Malamute
The life expectancy of an Alaskan Malamute is between 10 and 12 years. It should be clarified that thanks to the advancement of canine medicine and the research that allows us to discover possible diseases in dogs with greater anticipation, each year there are more copies that exceed 12 years of life. For this it is necessary that we go to the vet with our Alaskan frequently and take the necessary care.
How many puppies can a female Alaskan Malamute have?
First of all we must tell you that on average the gestation of a female Alaskan Malamute breed is between 55 and 65 days. If our Malamute female is pregnant, we must bear in mind that she must be constantly hydrated with abundant amounts of water and in turn we must avoid exercise during this period. Visits to the vet must be mandatory at 40 days for a check-up and 50 days for an expert to finish advising us.
Animal instinct will make our bitch choose a place where she will have her Alaskan Malamute puppies. When the time comes, we must leave our dog alone. She will act as she deems necessary and we will observe from a distance, things usually always work out well, therefore try to interfere only if we see that it is necessary. To answer our initial question, litters are usually between 3 and 8 Alaskan Malamutes puppies.
Uses of the Alaskan Malamute breed
Throughout history the Alaskan Malamute has fulfilled various functions and its masters have given the breed various uses. In many countries there are associations that organize competitions for dogs with sleds, or wheelbarrows if there is no snow. Supervised by an experienced and understanding handler, the Malamute can also participate in agility and even obedience trials, although in these sports there are other dog breeds that stand out more. Some Malamutes have worked as rescue dogs in avalanche areas.
Curiosities of the Alaskan Malamute
- This beautiful dog can carry quite large weights, such as up to 20Kg and is capable of transporting it for infinite kilometers.
- Alaskan Malamutes have a very thick layer of hair between their legs, this is so that it allows them to be on the snow for a long time and not feel cold.
- These dogs have an impressive ability to regulate the density, quantity and size of their fur to protect themselves from the weather.